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Semantic field for local cases

From:Benct Philip Jonsson <bpj@...>
Date:Saturday, May 27, 2006, 13:25
Dear list,

I found an old lecture handout showing a tabularized
semantic field for prepositions.  I have had the
memory of this lying disquietly at the back of my mind for
years.  Be warned that I translated the prepositions
from Swedish, which AFAIK amounts to a retranslation,
which may or may not have been entirely successful.

                 INCLUSION   CONTACT     PROXIMITY

     LOCATIVE    in----------on----------at
                 |           |           |
                 |           |           |
     SEPARATIVE  out-of------off---------from
                 |           |           |
                 |           |           |
     TRANSLATIVE through-----over--------along
                 |           |           |
                 |           |           |
     INGRESSIVE  towards-----against-----to

Obviously this is not only useful for designing
a preposition system, but in particular for designing
a system of local cases using only six morphemes,
the slots in the Locative row and the Proximity
column using case endings consisting of a single
morpheme, and the other slots using a combination
of two morphemes!

As some of you probably see this is pretty similar
to the Finnish system of local cases, although Finnish
conflates the Contact column with the other two
in an unsystematic manner, and doesn't have an
organized Translative row.

Now my question is whether there are any (other) languages,
con or nat, that have such a 'neatly' organized case system
in part or whole, or even with more distinctions?

(I seem to have filled my quota today, so I'll have to
answer your answers tomorrow, or more likely on monday,
since I'll be busy tomorrow.)

/BP 8^)>
Benct Philip Jonsson -- melroch at melroch dot se

    "Maybe" is a strange word.  When mum or dad says it
    it means "yes", but when my big brothers say it it
    means "no"!

                            (Philip Jonsson jr, age 7)