Typological Survey Part II
|From:||Ajin Kwai <yasmin4@...>|
|Date:||Wednesday, January 31, 2001, 14:10|
---- PART II Conlang Typlogic Survey 2001
>Name of the participating conlang:(same as on part I
>please :) )
>2: Order of genitive (G), and noun (N)
>That is: Possessor/owner and possession/owned thing
>If there aren't a way to show this in the language,
>please say so. If there is a way...Is the order GN,
>NG or both?
>3: Order of adjective (A) and noun (N)
Rather than Noun, we'll say Root, thus:
Root - Genitive/Adjective
(Native POV: Predicate - Argument)
skae - run, running
pila - green, greenness
kowa - book
hana - person (human)
skae.hana - running (of) person = a person runs
hana.skae - person (of) running = a running person
kowa.hana - book (of) person = a person's book
hana.kowa - person (of) book = a book's (human) owner
pila.kowa - green (of) book = a book is green
kowa.pila - book (of) green = a green book
or, more commonly:
skae.c'hana = skae.hana
>How is it shown?
Both as follows:
1. - Through simple juxtaposition? (no extra marking
As in the examples above.
2. - With a freestanding word separating the G and the
N? (like English 'of'):
kowa.mos.pila - book (composed of) grass = grass book
kowa.jáha.hana - book (beneficiary) person = book for
kowa.dí.hana - book (benefactor) person = book from a
hana.hu.skae - person (filled with, attributed with)
running = a person that is running
hana.mek.skae - person (aspectual/ portional/
recognized association) running = "running part of a
person" -or more likely- "(that) person who's (always)
kowa.o.hana - book (correlative, identical) person =
"(that) book that correlates with a person" -or- "book
which is also a person" -or- (in the case of a book)
"book about a person"
et cetera, et cetera...
where the format is always (native POV)
Predicate - ((Relator)) - (Argument)
>Does the language have a closed class of adjectives?-
>If there is not a separate open adjective-class, what
>type of words do the work of adjectives, verbs or
Roots. There are only two word classes in draqa:
Roots and Particles.
>Regardless of being a separate class or not:
>How are they similar, how do they differ from verbs
Most fall into the class of Roots, as would most
"verbs" and "nouns". Thus, no distinction.
>Can they take a copula (that is: need/don't need
> equivalent of "to be")?
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