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Typological Survey Part II

From:Ajin Kwai <yasmin4@...>
Date:Wednesday, January 31, 2001, 14:10
---- PART II Conlang Typlogic Survey 2001
----House-keeping data

>Name of the participating conlang:(same as on part I >please :) )
>2: Order of genitive (G), and noun (N) >That is: Possessor/owner and possession/owned thing >If there aren't a way to show this in the language, >please say so. If there is a way...Is the order GN, >NG or both? >3: Order of adjective (A) and noun (N)
Rather than Noun, we'll say Root, thus: Root - Genitive/Adjective (Native POV: Predicate - Argument) skae - run, running pila - green, greenness kowa - book hana - person (human) skae.hana - running (of) person = a person runs hana.skae - person (of) running = a running person kowa.hana - book (of) person = a person's book hana.kowa - person (of) book = a book's (human) owner pila.kowa - green (of) book = a book is green kowa.pila - book (of) green = a green book or, more commonly: skae.c'hana = skae.hana et cetera...
>How is it shown?
Both as follows: 1. - Through simple juxtaposition? (no extra marking anywhere): As in the examples above. 2. - With a freestanding word separating the G and the N? (like English 'of'): kowa.mos.pila - book (composed of) grass = grass book kowa.jáha.hana - book (beneficiary) person = book for a person kowa.dí.hana - book (benefactor) person = book from a person - person (filled with, attributed with) running = a person that is running hana.mek.skae - person (aspectual/ portional/ recognized association) running = "running part of a person" -or more likely- "(that) person who's (always) running" kowa.o.hana - book (correlative, identical) person = "(that) book that correlates with a person" -or- "book which is also a person" -or- (in the case of a book) "book about a person" et cetera, et cetera... where the format is always (native POV) Predicate - ((Relator)) - (Argument)
>Does the language have a closed class of adjectives?-
>If there is not a separate open adjective-class, what >type of words do the work of adjectives, verbs or >nouns?
Roots. There are only two word classes in draqa: Roots and Particles.
>Regardless of being a separate class or not: >How are they similar, how do they differ from verbs >and nouns?
Most fall into the class of Roots, as would most "verbs" and "nouns". Thus, no distinction.
>Can they take a copula (that is: need/don't need > equivalent of "to be")?
No copula. __________________________________________________ Get personalized email addresses from Yahoo! Mail - only $35 a year!