Gnumin Phonology Sketch
|From:||jesse stephen bangs <jaspax@...>|
|Date:||Wednesday, July 18, 2001, 4:56|
I don't do this often, but I'm posting a phonological sketch on the
conlang I'm working on now, tentatively titled "Gnomin", pronounced
[g_Numin], with a nasally released [g].
This is my first attempt at a large phonology-conlang, as all of my
previous projects have had pretty small sets of phonemes. Counting
maximally, there are 99 phonemes in this lang, though I'll be giving a
less gigantic description here.
There are five different types of consonant articulations: voiceless,
aspirated, ejective, voiced, breathy voiced (murmured), and
nasal-released. In the bilabial series these are [p p_h p' b b_h b_m].
(The symbol for breathy voiced [b] should really be [b] with superscript
heng, but we'll use [b_h] in this message.)
These stops occur in four places of articulation: bilabial, alveolar,
velar, and uvular. The uvular series is defective, as it does not contain
any voiced sounds.
There are seven additional sounds, [s l m n N j w].
The consonant structure is (C)(S)V(S/N), where
C = any of the stops discussed above
S = [s l j w]
N = the nasals [m n N]
A peculiarity of the phonotactics is that the S sounds [s l j w]
assimilate with the features of the stop preceding them. Thus, combining
[p_h] with these, we get
[ps_h pl_0 pj_0 pw_0]
The aspiration of the [p] is pronounced following the [s], and the
inherently voiced approximants are devoiced as a feature of the
aspiration. When an ejective combines with an S sound, the entire cluster
is ejective, i.e. release of glottal closure does not occur until after
the S sound. Frex, /p's/ is [ps'], with the whole sequence [ps]
pronounced as an ejective.
The uvular series is defective in this respect, to as [q'] cannot occur
with any following sound. (If you want to know why, try to say [qs']).
Vowels are quite simple. There are only three qualities [i u a], which
also occur long [i: u: a:]. The short vowels might wind up being somewhat
laxed, to [I U @], though I'm not sure about that yet.
I'm not sure if I explained that well, but I'm open to
comments/suggestions from anyone.
Jesse S. Bangs email@example.com
"If you look at a thing nine hundred and ninety-nine times, you are
perfectly safe; if you look at it the thousandth time, you are in
frightful danger of seeing it for the first time."