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Scouse final plosives (was: vowel descriptions)

From:Raymond A. Brown <raybrown@...>
Date:Wednesday, December 16, 1998, 6:53
At 1:39 pm -0600 15/12/98, Tom Wier wrote:
>Nik Taylor wrote: > >> Raymond A. Brown wrote: >> > (or in Scouse - one of my colleagues is Scouse - [bu:kx]). >> >> [kx]? Interesting. Is that a general rule, syllable-final (or perhaps >> word-final) [k] --> [kx]? > >Also, do all voiceless stops become affricates like that? So, are >there things like p --> [pf] / _# and t --> [ts] (or even [tT]) / _#?
Yep - the final voiceless plosives have homorganic fricative release. So final /p/ becomes not, in fact, [pf] but [pF] where [F] is the _bilabial_ fricative. Sometimes final /t/ is described as [ts], but this is clearly incorrect. In the Scouse dialect the fricative release goes when /s/ is added so that, e.g. the plural of [bu:kx] is [bu:ks]. I have difficulty in telling whether my colleague is talking about one cat or many of them. The fricative release after final /t/ seems to me closer to [T] in sound, but it is not the standard dental [T]; it is an _alveolar_ fricative which otherwise does not occur in the dialect. Ray.