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Thracian, Phrygian etc. (was Re: Bronze age British languages)

From:Jörg Rhiemeier <joerg_rhiemeier@...>
Date:Friday, April 28, 2006, 22:35

On Fri, 28 Apr 2006 22:32:08 +0200, Andreas Johansson wrote:

> Quoting Jörg Rhiemeier <joerg_rhiemeier@...>: > > > > And what regards the language of Troy: we don't know, but many scholars > > assume that it was an Anatolian IE language closely related to Hittite. > > Thre are other suggestions, though (such as that their language was > > related to Etruscan). > > This prompted me to look up the (very short) articles on various ancient > languages of Asia Minor in the National Encyclopedia, where I learnt the > following astonishing "facts": > > 1) Phrygian is closely related to Macedonian and Greek. > 2) Thracian is closely related to Phrygian. > 3) Thracian is not closely related to Macedonian and Greek.
> Can anyone with a knowledge of these matter tell me what's actually known or > plausibly surmised about this?
We know enough about Thracian, Phrygian and Macedonian to say that they are definitely Indo-European, but not enough to know where exactly to put them in the Indo-European family tree (except Macedonian, which is quite widely accepted to be closely related to Greek). There is, however, a popular (though controversial) theory that Greek, Macedonian, Thracian, Phrygian and Armenian form a common branch of IE. What DOESN'T belong there are the Anatolian languages (Hittite, Luvian, Palaic, Lycian, Lydian and a few others), which form a very distinct branch that is assumed by many to have diverged from the rest of IE several centuries before the rest of IE broke up. ... brought to you by the Weeping Elf


Andreas Johansson <andjo@...>