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THEORY: Re : THEORY: Verb voice

From:From Http://Members.Aol.Com/Lassailly/Tunuframe.Html <lassailly@...>
Date:Saturday, May 1, 1999, 5:41
Dans un courrier dat=E9 du 01/05/99 04:32:50  , vous avez =E9crit :

<< I was just wondering something:  exactly how many possible
 verbal voices are there?  Off hand I can think of about four:
 active, passive, middle (action redounds back onto oneself,
 for one's own benefit; indirect), and reflexive (action was
 intended to affect oneself directly).   What others could
 there be? >>

You may consider applicative forms, differentiation between transitive and=20
transformative voices, etc. There may be as many voices as possible actors o=

All my conlangs have as many verbal voices as cases : verbal voices (e-) are=20
cases (o-) conversely envisaged from the topic's viewpoint.

ho eko-tunu oma he ome ha  : i (ho) speak (tunu) to (oma) you (he) of (ome)=20
him (ha)
he ema-tunu oko ho ome ha : you are spoken to *by me of him
ha eme-tunu oko ho oma he : he is spoken of by me to you

in that example :
tunu =3D language
e-ko =3D "active voice implying an instrument" =3D "to use according to its =
function in such context"
o-ko =3D "agentive case implying an instrument" =3D "to be used according to=20
one's usual function in such context"=20