Theiling Online    Sitemap    Conlang Mailing List HQ   

Re: Click consonants

From:Eddy Ohlms <etg@...>
Date:Friday, December 19, 2003, 5:10
> It's probably best to compare the dorsal stops available in a language to > the click accompaniments it manifests. For instance, Dahalo, a Cushitic > language that contains clicks has voiceless, prenasalized voiceless, > voiced, prenasalized voiced, and ejective velar stops /k, g, k', Nk, Ng/, > plus the same set labialized /kw, gw, k', Nkw, Ngw, k'w/(but no velar > nasal at all!), but only voiced and voiceless nasalized clicks, both plain > and labialized /N|, N_o|, N|w, N_o|w/. Dahalo also is limited in having > only dental clicks, so its inventory is quite impoverished compared to > other click languages.
Fascinating. I've been wondering what clicks Dahalo has.
> Hadza has voiceless aspirated & unaspirated, voiced, prenasalized vls > aspirated & voiced, and ejective velar stops plus a velar nasal, and all > also labialized *except* for the prenasalized stops, /kh, k, g, k', N, Nkh, > Ng, khw, kw, gw, k'w, Nw/. In contrast it has only three click > accompaniments, voiceless (unaspirated), nasalized, and voiceless nasalized > plus glottal stop /k|, N|, N_o|'/. Hadza has dental, alveolar, and lateral > clicks, similar to the Nguni Bantu languages (Xhosa, Zulu, etc), though > some speakers are reported to have a flapped allophone of the alveolar > click, in which the tongue hits the floor of the mouth after its alveolar > contact is released.
Cool. That answers a lot of questions about Hadza for me.
> !Xoo, on the other hand, is typical of the southern Khoisan languages in > having a much larger inventory of both dorsal stops - both velar and > uvular - and click accompaniments, although it actually has *more* click > accompaniments than plain dorsals, /kh, k, g, k', kx', gkh, gkx' (the last > two are prevoiced stops), qh, q, G, q', Gqh/ vs clicks /k|h, k|, g|, k|x, > k|x', gk|x, gk|x', q|h, q|, G|, q|', gq|h, Gq|h, N|, N_o|, 'N|, N_o|'/. ! > Xoo also has a large set of clicks, labial, dental, alveolar, palatal, and > lateral. Surprisingly, labial clicks only occur in a few Southern Khoisan > languages and in the now-defunct Damin.
How do you know that about !Xóõ? I can find very little on it. A decendent of my main conlang Kûtêlk‡u, has prevoiced sounds. This conlang is called N!à. A good example of a prevoiced click in it is the word for "fall", which is gk||x'ò.