|From:||Jim Grossmann <steven@...>|
|Date:||Friday, September 27, 2002, 3:29|
Here's a request for a show of hands; who here would like to share the
applicative constructions they use in their conlangs?
Here's a definition of applicative constructions that I pulled off the
Summer Institute of Linguistics"
"The applicative is a construction in which a verb bears a particular
morpheme which licenses an oblique, or non-core, argument that would not
otherwise be considered a part of the verbs argument structure. Abaza, a
Northwest Caucasian language, has an applicative construction which differs
systematically from applicative constructions reported in many other
languages. The properties of the Abaza applicative construction include the
ability of both transitive and intransitive verbs to host applicative
prefixes, the stability of the underlying argument structure despite the
presence of applicatives (i.e. the underlying direct object is not demoted
to an oblique argument), the ability of a single verb complex to host
multiple applicatives, and the use of additional agreement morphology in the
verbal complex corresponding to applied object(s), beyond the normal
agreement requirements of the verb. This paper attempts to present a
thorough description of the applicative construction in Abaza, as well as a
brief analysis along the lines of Baker (1988)."