Gz^rod|in (Grammar : verbs)
|From:||Adrian Morgan <morg0072@...>|
|Date:||Tuesday, March 14, 2000, 0:02|
Yesterday I explained my system of articles - for
example that articles and pronouns are one thing,
that articles are constructed letter by letter,
and that the nominative article specifies the
basic tense and indicates questions and
Since no-one has alerted me to any issues wrt
this, I assume that no news is good news and will
therefore move on to verbs.
The word 'kkat' (pron. khat) is analogous to the
English 'did' - it marks a verbspace. However, it
doesn't require an object ('I did' serves as 'I
did it') and it plays a key role in passive
sentences, which I'll get to soon enough.
To indicate present perfect or future perfect
tense, the stressed vowel of the verb is
interrupted with a psi (pron. voiced th). Recall
that past perfect, by contrast, is carried
entirely by the article. Thus:
Mon^ kkat = I did it
Monw^ kkat = I had done it
Moniu kkat = I do it
Mono kka(TH)at = I have done it
Moneq kkat = I will do it
Moneq kka(TH)at = I will have done it
^ = lambda (pron. u in but)
(TH) = psi (pron. voiced th)
iu (pron. 'oh')
eq (pron. 'air')
Theoretically, the language has a
habitual/recurring/continuous tense (what are
these called again?) in which the stressed
syllable of the verb is interrupted with 'r'.
In practise, such words have often diverged
'ya' (to want) ==> 'yara' (to desire).
The present of future perfect of yara is ya(TH)ira.
'zeq' (to go) ==> 'zer^^' (to explore).
'yeq' (to live) ==> 'yer^^' (to have ongoing life).
The prefix 'nag-' forms the negative of the verb,
hence 'nagyeq', to not be alive (usually, to be
* * *
Now for a question. In languages with negative
verbs, how do you say must not, can not, etc?
I assume that adverbs are used, such as:
I by-compulsion do-not = I must not do it
I by-capability do-not = I can not do it