Aspect + Mood combinations
|From:||James W. <emindahken@...>|
|Date:||Friday, July 28, 2006, 16:01|
I've been working on the TAM system of my current
project a:seka`eni. Right now there are 3 aspect
particles and 7 mood particles. I've been combining
them to see what would happen and have come across
a few that I can't think of an English equivalent
for. I list the 18 combinations (interrogative
particle is separate from the other 6 modals.)
Aspects: perfective, imperfective, inceptive
Moods: imperative, dubitative, negative, optative,
Have I interpreted these correctly? And what would
the ones with question marks mean, if anything?
Are there any others that you can think of from
any con- or natlang examples?
ASPECT MOOD ENGLISH equivalents
(perf) + (imperat) [none?]
(perf) + (dubit) doubted that
(perf) + (neg) did not
(perf) + (optat) “wanted to ----”
(perf) + (permiss) could/may have
(perf) + (cond) would have
(imperf) + (imperat) [none?]
(imperf) + (dubit) was doubting
(imperf) + (neg) smth wasn’t happening
(imperf) + (optat) was wanting
(imperf) + (permiss) had ongoing permission
(imperf) + (cond) ??
(incept) + (imperat) basic command form
(incept) + (dubit) ??
(incept) + (neg) smth not beginning
(incept) + (optat) want smth to start
(incept) + (permiss) permission to begin smth?
(incept) + (cond) would begin