Re: Aspect + Mood combinations
|From:||Roger Mills <rfmilly@...>|
|Date:||Friday, July 28, 2006, 17:27|
James W. wrote:
> I've been working on the TAM system of my current
> project a:seka`eni. Right now there are 3 aspect
> particles and 7 mood particles. I've been combining
> them to see what would happen and have come across
> a few that I can't think of an English equivalent
> for. I list the 18 combinations (interrogative
> particle is separate from the other 6 modals.)
> Aspects: perfective, imperfective, inceptive
> Moods: imperative, dubitative, negative, optative,
> permissive, conditional
> Have I interpreted these correctly? And what would
> the ones with question marks mean, if anything?
> Are there any others that you can think of from
> any con- or natlang examples?
I suppose each A+M is also subdivided by Tense??
> ASPECT MOOD ENGLISH equivalents
> (perf) + (imperat) [none?]
What about: "Have your report finished by noon tomorrow" ?? Sort of a Future
Perf. Imperative?? Or would it be Imperf., since the report is unfinished at
the time of speaking?
> (perf) + (dubit) doubted that
> (perf) + (neg) did not
> (perf) + (optat) “wanted to ----”
Where would "have (always) doubted that...", "have not.../do not..." et al.
fit in? Generic statements?
> (incept) + (dubit) ??"beginning to doubt..., becoming uncertain that..., (it's) likely to... "???
Never having studied a Slavic language, I'm a little bit uncertain just how
perf/imperf. aspects work :-((((