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Grammatical Sketch of my Conlang

From:Austin Taylor <aemilius7@...>
Date:Monday, October 11, 1999, 19:50
I hope this came out all right.



Katabala Grammatical Sketch

Noun Declension (singular/plural)

Nominative:  -u/-ili
Accusative:   -un/-ilin
Genitive:       -ua/-ilia
Ablative: (prepositional phrases): -umu/ilimu

Nom: -ko/-kum
Acc:   -kon/-kumun
Gen:  -koa/-kuma
Abl:   -komu/kumumu


Because person and number are always contained within the subject, verbs are not
conjugated. Tense/mood is accomplished by adding the appropriate particle
directly before the main part of the verb (which always ends in -er), the
particles occuring in the following order of precedence: voice particle, tense
particle, and mood particle. If more than one particle is present, they are
joined to form a single word.

Voice particles:

(no particle): active
sed: passive

Tense particles:

NB: In paradigms, the pronoun "I" is the subject.

(no particle): present (I love)
bara: present affirmative (I do love)
dul: present progressive (I am loving)
chak: imperfect (I was loving)
hadat: past (I loved)
hsara: past affirmative (I did love)
vishol: perfect (I have loved)
fwesh: perfect progressive (I have been loving)
gav: pluperfect (I had loved)
godo: pluperfect progressive (I had been loving)
go: future (I will love)
tsan: future progressive (I will be loving)
dryel: future perfect (I will have loved)
akam: future perfect progressive (I will have been loving)

Mood Particles:

(no particle): indicative
tal: infinitive
yer: subjunctive
lem: interrogative

Adjectives and Adverbs

Adjectives, including nouns in the genitive, come directly after the noun they modify,
inflected exactly like that noun, except for nouns in the genitive. Verbs
cannot "link" adjectives to the subject as in English; they modify the noun
directly. Articles are nonexistent. Adverbial functions are accomplished by
adding prefixes to the adjective; adverbs do not modify verbs.

E.g.: malako rinenko [malako- power line (nom. sing.) ri- slightly nenko- worn]

Word Order

The word order of a Katabala sentence is SOV.

An Example

malako rinenko- a slightly worn power line
ker- to be
mel- a great distance (adj.)
savis- above
Jeko- Jack

Malako rinenko melsavis demu Jekoa ker.

Literally: The slightly worn power line a great distance above the head of Jack is.

Better: The slightly worn power line is a great distance above Jack's head.

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