Grammatical Sketch of my Conlang
|From:||Austin Taylor <aemilius7@...>|
|Date:||Monday, October 11, 1999, 19:50|
I hope this came out all right.
Katabala Grammatical Sketch
Noun Declension (singular/plural)
Ablative: (prepositional phrases): -umu/ilimu
Because person and number are always contained within the subject, verbs are not
conjugated. Tense/mood is accomplished by adding the appropriate particle
directly before the main part of the verb (which always ends in -er), the
particles occuring in the following order of precedence: voice particle, tense
particle, and mood particle. If more than one particle is present, they are
joined to form a single word.
(no particle): active
NB: In paradigms, the pronoun "I" is the subject.
(no particle): present (I love)
bara: present affirmative (I do love)
dul: present progressive (I am loving)
chak: imperfect (I was loving)
hadat: past (I loved)
hsara: past affirmative (I did love)
vishol: perfect (I have loved)
fwesh: perfect progressive (I have been loving)
gav: pluperfect (I had loved)
godo: pluperfect progressive (I had been loving)
go: future (I will love)
tsan: future progressive (I will be loving)
dryel: future perfect (I will have loved)
akam: future perfect progressive (I will have been loving)
(no particle): indicative
Adjectives and Adverbs
Adjectives, including nouns in the genitive, come directly after the noun they modify,
inflected exactly like that noun, except for nouns in the genitive. Verbs
cannot "link" adjectives to the subject as in English; they modify the noun
directly. Articles are nonexistent. Adverbial functions are accomplished by
adding prefixes to the adjective; adverbs do not modify verbs.
E.g.: malako rinenko [malako- power line (nom. sing.) ri- slightly nenko- worn]
The word order of a Katabala sentence is SOV.
malako rinenko- a slightly worn power line
ker- to be
mel- a great distance (adj.)
Malako rinenko melsavis demu Jekoa ker.
Literally: The slightly worn power line a great distance above the head of Jack is.
Better: The slightly worn power line is a great distance above Jack's head.
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