Re: Grammatical Sketch of my Conlang
|From:||Daniel Andreasson <noldo@...>|
|Date:||Tuesday, October 12, 1999, 22:56|
Hello Austin and welcome. I have some comments.
> Noun Declension (singular/plural)
> Nominative: -u/-ili
> Accusative: -un/-ilin
> Genitive: -ua/-ilia
> Ablative: (prepositional phrases): -umu/ilimu
> Nom: -ko/-kum
> Acc: -kon/-kumun
> Gen: -koa/-kuma
> Abl: -komu/kumumu
Same question as Nik. Why two groups? I guess there
is a really cool answer to this.
[I just read the answer, please ignore this.]
> (no particle): present (I love)
> bara: present affirmative (I do love)
> dul: present progressive (I am loving)
> chak: imperfect (I was loving)
Sorry if I'm petty, but shouldn't this be=20
'past progressive' or something. Or do you
mean the aspect 'imperfective' as in 'not
finished'? I'm a bit confused.
> hadat: past (I loved)
> hsara: past affirmative (I did love)
> vishol: perfect (I have loved)
> fwesh: perfect progressive (I have been loving)
> gav: pluperfect (I had loved)
> godo: pluperfect progressive (I had been loving)
> go: future (I will love)
> tsan: future progressive (I will be loving)
> dryel: future perfect (I will have loved)
> akam: future perfect progressive (I will have been loving)
In all I think it is a nice and exact way of representing tense
and aspect in a combined way (at least in the sense we
indo-europeans mean ;). This really gives the lang a
European touch, which its phonology somewhat lacks.
I do the same thing in my conlang Rinya but the other
way around (though not with the verbal system as you do).
Hmm... I should stop now before this gets too weird... :)
> Mood Particles:
> (no particle): indicative
> tal: infinitive
> yer: subjunctive
> lem: interrogative
Infinitive isn't a mood, afaik, or is it?. Do you mean imperative?
I haven't heard of interrogative as a mood, but then
again, there are lots of things I haven't heard of.
> Adjectives and Adverbs
> Adjectives, including nouns in the genitive, come directly after the =noun they
> modify, inflected exactly like that noun, except for nouns in the =genitive. =20
From a language universal point of view, modifiers usually precede
their heads in OV langs (standard example Japanese). But then again
that's just a tendency, which you should completely ignore. Swedish,
the best and most expressive language of all times, doesn't follow
this 'rule'. It is VO and head-final. (as is English...) On the other
hand, Swedish and English do have prepositions (rather than
postpositions if the rule-breaking had been complete).
> Better: The slightly worn power line is a great distance above Jack's =head.
Bizarre example. I like it. :)