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R: Hiatus within words

From:Mangiat <mangiat@...>
Date:Tuesday, October 31, 2000, 8:23
The Kennedy thing makes me think about Basque. The dative ending -i, when
added after a vowel, becomes -ri. Sorta hiatus.
For istance, let's take 'pauso', = step.

pauso-0 = absolutive: step

pauso-k = ergative: step

pauso-i = dative: to (the) step


> It's been brought to my attention that some > languages, e.g., Turkish, have no "hiatus." Thus > one Turkish vowel cannot be directly followed > by another vowel inside a word without an > inserted consonant or glide of some kind. > > English may have hiatus, but maybe not all speakers. > Given the tendency of English vowels to diphthongize, > the common insert will be a [w] or [y] of some sort. > Thus for many "poet' will be [po(w)et] and "leo" may > become [li(y)o]. If -a- is the first element, the chance > of hiatus rises, but some may put in a glottal stop. > > An [h] is another possibility, even [r] in some dialects. > And some insertions may even go across word > boundaries. Kennedy was ridiculed as calling > Cuba "Cuber" [kju.b@r] -- but what he was doing > took place only when another vowel followed. > Thus his "..Cuba can..." would not have the intrusive > [r] but his "..Cuba is..." would have it. > > Is it considered that English has hiatus? My works > on languages often seem to ignore the issue. Is > there any list of those langauges that do not allow > hiatus? I presume all the Turkic languages fall in > that category, but it seems assured that there will > be others. > > Many languages do seem to have hiatus, but I have > no idea how many. It seems to exist in many words > in Spanish, for example, though in other words > diphthongization takes place. Hiatus is a major feature > of Esperanto, where following vowels are always > kept separate -- even "au." However, I have never > heard the idea challenged as such. Other projects, if > I recall correctly, did modify the Eo. rule, but this > seemed to be done to make the result "more natural," > not necessarily easier to pronounce. > > Many artlangs are rich in vowels. Whether they > have hiatus is often not addressed. Many artlangs > do seem to have it. Tolkien seems to have used > it, Ursula Le Guin as well. Some people seem > to count languages with it as "more musical." I do > not note it in Klingon. > > Hiatus is common in many Pacific languages, > where it often contrasts with the glottal stop. But > spellings do not always tell the story. How many > of the scores of languages listed by Mark with "dua" > for "two" ( ) > actually pronounce it as two syllables? > > Indonesian "sosiologi" clearly has five syllables: > [] with hiatus between i and o. > > > Best regards to all, LEO > > ############ > Leo J. Moser > ############