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Re: Case

From:Barry Garcia <barry_garcia@...>
Date:Saturday, July 10, 1999, 5:42 writes:
>I'm just curious, but those of you who do use case in your language, how >many do you have?
Hmm if i can remember right =). My conlang has about 6 cases for personal pronouns: nominative, genitive, reflexive (for lack of a better term), instrumental, and two prepostitional. The instrumental roughly translates as by + pronoun, and uses the genitive to render it (compare: The house was built by me. - Ganjayo koa ng bahay. My house- Ng bahay koa ). With verbs, this construction can be used to get around using the instrumental focus. The two prepositional pronouns are: ga + pronoun - to + pronoun ( ga koa = to me) , and den ga + pronoun (den ga koa = for me) . "Ga" is a preposition meaning the action is happening towards something (it covers: to, into, in, or on) "Den" just means "for". There are really only four main prepositions demonstrating spatial relationships. Wa = means something is away, out of, from something. Ga = means something's going to, into , or towards something. Ta = means something's going up and away, in front of, beside, or around something. Na = means something's going under, below, or behind something. There is also one specific spatial preposition: Jaka, which means "from". From can be denoted by wa, but jaka is preferred when one wants to be specific.
> Where does it go from being "cool" to just plain >unworkable?
Well, it depends on the person. I don't like having too many cases, even though it makes a language more specific. My conlang gets along fine with just 6 for pronouns ( three if you discount the two prepositional pronouns, and the instrumental pronoun (which is the same as genitive)) . I was actually thinking of using only one case for the pronouns in another language i was toying with. ____________________________________________________________________ "Bailando en el fuego con un gran deseo" - India ____________________________________________________________________