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Re: Case

From:Padraic Brown <pbrown@...>
Date:Friday, July 16, 1999, 3:22
On Thu, 15 Jul 1999, Nik Taylor wrote:

> I read a brief grammar of Romanian that claimed the existence of five > cases - nominative, accusative, genitive, dative, and vocative, with > nominative and accusative being identical in form, and genitive and > dative being identical in form, and vocative having a distinct form > (altho I'd never heard of a vocative case in Romanian - is that an > archaism?) I believe the example was something like > Nominative > homul (the man) > Accusative > homul (the man) > Genetive > homului (of the man) > Dative > homului (to the man) > Vocative > homule (Oh man!)
That's interesting! My entire experience, with the exception of a couple of flips through a Teach Yourself Romanian book, is with Romanian coin inscriptions. Not much to go on, but this form does exist, though it doesn't seem to be a vocative. All I can say is that the inscription changes (drastically) from "Carol I Domnul Romaniei" to "Carol I Rege al Romaniei" and especially to "Carol II Regele Romanilor". One seems to be "King of Romania" while the other seems to be "King (of the) Romanians": I bet the -le isn't voc. here, but nom. Hm. That's dumnul, rege and regele: without a source to look in, I be stumpified. Padraic.