|From:||Steg Belsky <draqonfayir@...>|
|Date:||Sunday, July 11, 1999, 5:13|
>On Fri, 9 Jul 1999 10:17:57 -0400, nicole
>>I'm just curious, but those of you who do use case in your language,
>>many do you have? Where does it go from being "cool" to just plain
Well, Rokbeigalmki doesn't really have cases, it has prepositions. But
they're stuck on to their nouns (although they can disconnect) so i guess
it's the same thing.
There are 16 prepositions. All prepositions are a consonant + the vowel
_a_, written with an apostraphe to connect it to the noun:
ta'waju = in a home
ra'esed-a = outside the boat
la'galm-a = on the waves
tza'amilm = of nations
ya'ur = by means of fire
sha'ash = me (object)
sa'ush = with (or next to) it
However, prepositions can double-up on one another, in which case the
modified one becomes lengthened, the _a'_ /a/ turning into _aur_ /Or/.
nga'laur goimla-a = from on the hill (in a context of motion)
nga'laur goimla-a = over the hill (in a context of location; _nga'_
"from" is used in Rokbeigalmki to describe differences)
wa'taur wajhwa = into home
wa'waur wajhwa = towards home
ta'saur gores = embedded in the side of a tree
nga'naur eleni-a = under the dome
The long forms also serve as nouns:
la'laur-a = on the surface
sha'taur-a = (object) the inside
ta'waur-a = in the direction
When attached to a noun, the preposition forces any adjectives to be
pushed to after the noun, similar to the definite article _-a_:
waju sudglend = a great house
sudglend waju = a great house
ta'waju sudglend = in a great house
NOT *ta'sudglend waju OR *sudglend ta'waju, etc.
waju-a sudglend-a = the great house
NOT *sudglend-a waju-a
Also, pronouns have two cases = subject and non-subject. Subjects are
used in the subjects of sentences, and as resumptives (?; i think that's
what they're called...). Non-subjects ones are by themselves used for
the direct objects of verbs, and with prepositions for all other
purposes. Subject pronouns end in Z, and non-subject pronouns end in SH.
The non-subject case can be thought of as a generally prepositional case,
but accusative without a preposition.
Az mald = i (am) a human
Azoi-guvdhab = i speak
Azoi-manoi ush = i eat it
Azoi-manoi sha'ush = i eat *it* (with the redundant _sha'_ preposition)
Azoi-dal ush wa'ish = i give it to her
Azoi-danetz osh ta'ush = i put him in it
Iz, azoi-iip ish = her, i love her
Uhmz, azoi-shus uhmsh = them, i want them
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