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Re: [YAEUT] Lexical variation survey

From:Peter Collier <petecollier@...>
Date:Sunday, May 4, 2008, 22:17
----- Original Message -----
From: "Kelly Drinkwater" <mizunomi@...>
To: <CONLANG@...>
Sent: Sunday, May 04, 2008 6:41 PM
Subject: [YAEUT] Lexical variation survey

> Date of birth:
> Sex:
> Where do you currently live? (city, state/province, country)
Worcestershire, UK
> Please list the places you've lived between age 4 and age 18, with the > most recent first:
Worcestershire UK, Birmingham UK
> Occupation:
"Internal Sales Supervisor" & Translator
> Highest level of education completed:
BA (Hons)
> Ethnic heritage:
> What is/are your native language(s)?
English (specifically British English, Even more Specifically English-Midlands English)
> Roughly how many years have you been conlanging or studying linguistics?
15 Years
> How many years ago did you first encounter / begin reading (not > necessarily join / begin posting on) an online conlanging community?
Cannot recall. 4-5 years ago maybe?
> For each of the following items, please choose which word you use most > often, or put the word you do use if it's not a choice. Feel free to > leave comments if some aspect of your usage is noteworthy (eg if you > are
> 1. the metal device over a sink or bathtub that controls the flow of > water: > faucet, spigot, tap
> 2. the apparatus from which you'd get a drink of water in a public place: > bubbler, drinking fountain, water fountain
I know what these are, and I've come across a few, but they are very few and far between over here. First thing that usually springs to mind when I do see one is "ah, one of those American drinking fountain things' - 'drinking fountain' being the American term used when I first saw one (in a US film) - there isn't really a BE term I know of, on account of there not being any when/where I grew up.
> 3. the device that firefighters attach their hoses to: > fire hydrant, fire plug
Just 'Hydrant'. (NB - this term to me is un underground tap the firemen access via a small (approx 6" square) metal flap in the ground, by extension I occasionally use the term in reference to the metal flap itself. I also use the term "fire hydrant" - but only to refer to the American thing that is installed permanently above ground which you are not allowed to park next to!)
> 4. the container in which you'd put water for washing the car or the > floor: > bucket, pail
> > 5. a machine that performs banking services: > ATM, automated teller, bank machine, cash machine, cash point, > guichet, hole in the wall, money machine, commercial name (eg MAC > machine, Instant Teller, Instabank)
'cash point'/'cash machine', both terms equally and interchangeably. A free standing unit however (as ooposed to a hole-in-the-wall type affair) is more likely to be 'cash machine', although it could be a 'cash point' too
> > 6. stuff you throw away: > garbage, rubbish, trash
> 7. the wheeled conveyance you put your groceries in while shopping: > basket, buggy, cart, trolley
'(shopping) trolley'
> > 8. a shallow pan for frying eggs or meat: > fry pan, frying pan, griddle, skillet, spider
'frying pan'
> > 9. a piece of chocolate, 4-6 inches long: > bar, candy bar, chocolate bar
Distal: 'bar of chocolate' (e.g. 'If you're going to the shop, could you get me a bar of chocolate?'). Proximal "chocolate" (e.g. 'What have you got there?' 'Some chocholate'). Generally, it might also be referred to as '(some) sweets'
> 10. a carbonated, non-alcoholic beverage, like Coke or Sprite: > coke, cola, cold drink, fizzy drink, pop, soda, soda pop, soft drink, > tonic
'(fizzy) pop' as a general term, or when being specific the actual brand name of the product, or 'coke' (for coke, pepsi or any similar) / '______ade' (e.g. lemonade, orangeade, cherryade, raspberryade etc)
> 11. cooking outside over a charcoal grill in the summertime: > barbecuing, grilling, grilling out, having a cookout
'(having a) barbecue'
> 12. a cold sandwich on a foot-long roll: > sub(marine), hero, hoagie, grinder
A recent American import here, and very welcome! In the context of the American style sandwich, purchased from Subway/Quiznos, I'd say 'sub'. When growing up in pre-subway days, a long thin sandwich would be a 'roll' (implies a soft crust, 4" - 6" long), 'baguette' (implies a crusty crust, 6" or longer) or even just 'sandwich'.
> > 13. the sweet, creamy layer on top of a cake: > frosting, icing
> > 14. your main evening meal: > dinner, supper
'dinner' (hot and later evening) or 'tea' (hot and early evening, or cold any time)
> > 15. food picked up and taken home to eat: > carry-out, take-away, take-out
generally 'take-away', but it is usually referred to specifically by the type, e.g. 'fish and chips', '(an) Indian' '(a) Chinese' etc
> > 16. an appliance on which you heat food in saucepans: > cooker, range, stove
'cooker' / 'oven'
> > 17. knives, forks, and spoons: > cutlery, flatware, silverware, utensils
> > 18. contact someone by telephone: > call, phone, ring, telephone, buzz
'call' or 'phone' - pretty much equally and interchangeably. Ocasionally also 'give someone a bell' (e.g. 'I'll give you a bell later to sort out the details''). This last term is only used very colloquially and feels like a Birmingham term to me - I certainly don't tend to use it with anyone not from that area.
> > 19. the toilet facilities in a public place: > bathroom, facilities, ladies' room / men's room, lavatory, loo, > restroom, toilet, washroom, WC, john
> > 20. athletic shoes worn with jeans as casual footwear: > gym shoes, plimsolls, runners, running shoes, sneakers, tennis shoes, > trainers, brand name (eg Adidas)
> > 21. a sweatshirt with front pockets and a hood: > hooded sweatshirt, hoodie, kangaroo jacket, bunnyhug
Previously just 'sweatshirt' whether or not it had a hood. In the last 18 months/2 years the term 'hoodie' has started to come into use though too, but with very negative connotations (being the garment of choice for young muggers and the like).
> > 22. a piece of furniture that seats 3 people: > couch, chesterfield, davenport, divan, settee, sofa
As a child 'settee'. Since being married 'couch', this being the term used by my American wife and now also my kids.
> > 23. a piece of furniture with drawers for socks, underwear, etc.: > bureau, chest (of drawers), drawers, dresser, highboy
'chest of drawers'. As a kid, I always misheard/reproduced the term as 'Chester drawers', thinking it must be something to do with the town of Chester!
> > 24. the last letter of the alphabet: > zed, zee
> > 25. the place where you pay for something in a store: > cash, cash register, cashier, check-out, till
In a supermarket, with conveyor belt etc: 'checkout'. In any store either 'counter' or 'till'