USAGE: "gotten" (was: Latin) verb examples and tense meanings
|From:||John Cowan <jcowan@...>|
|Date:||Thursday, January 20, 2000, 16:36|
Nik Taylor wrote:
> Raymond Brown wrote:
> > another, much as I say 'have got' and, I guess, Nik says 'have gotten'.
> I use both, actually.
As do all Americans, a point frequently muddled by English authors
in their attempts to represent American English. They make their
poor characters commit things like *"He hasn't gotten any sense", which
can only mean "He hasn't *acquired* any sense", which is nonsense!
The natural expression is "He hasn't got any sense"; "He hasn't any sense"
seems a bit odd here.
Sometimes the two are in minimal contrast. "He hasn't got any money"
means he is poor; "He hasn't gotten any money" means none has arrived
from the source in question.
Schlingt dreifach einen Kreis vom dies! || John Cowan <jcowan@...>
Schliesst euer Aug vor heiliger Schau, || http://www.reutershealth.com
Denn er genoss vom Honig-Tau, || http://www.ccil.org/~cowan
Und trank die Milch vom Paradies. -- Coleridge (tr. Politzer)