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Re: Question for English Speakers about Secondary Predicates (also posted on ZBB)

From:Jeffrey Jones <jsjonesmiami@...>
Date:Thursday, January 25, 2007, 21:29
On Thu, 28 Dec 2006 16:31:55 +0000, Christopher Bates
<chris.maths_student@...> wrote:

>> In all your examples, what you call the secondary predicate seems to >> function as an adverb, the manner of the action. Even the odd sentence >> "The man chased the fox brown" seems to say that the man chased the >> fox so that it turned brown. Is it common amongst English grammarians >> to call adverbs specifying the manner of the action "secondary >> predicates"? >> >I don't know about ALL English grammarians, but certainly many linguists >recognise the difference between adverbs and secondary predicates. In >"Secondary Predicates and Adverbial Modification" a typology is >proposed: a Secondary Predicate Construction is one that is primarily >orientated towards one participant in a situation (he ate the meat raw >-> meat was raw), whereas an Adverbial Construction is one that is >orientated more towards the event itself. Not all languages have two >distinct constructions for these (German for example does not mark the >difference)... in the book I mentioned, a typology is proposed of most >typical notions expressed by Secondary Predicate Constructions (if a >language has one) vs notions most typically adverbial in nature, and the >authors express the view that these constructions may be in competition >for expressing some meanings. For example, expressions of manner can be >considered either event orientated or actor orientated, and languages >may encode them with either a construction that is primarily a Secondary >Predicate Construction or with an Adverbial Construction. Many >Australian languages are good examples of languages where manner is >generally expressed by Secondary Predicates which agree in case and >other features with their agentive controller. I have a paper in .doc >format I found some time ago which is by the same people and makes many >of the same points as the book, but I'm unable to find it online now... >if you want me to I will email it to you so you can read it.
Thanks for this -- I'm working on this part of the NYSEC grammar now. Do you happen to know how other European languages handle secondary predicates? I think you already said German uses the same construction for both. Jeff
> >> Makes me curious. >> >> LEF >>