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Re: more help, this time on sound change

From:Christophe Grandsire <christophe.grandsire@...>
Date:Wednesday, January 9, 2002, 18:42
En réponse à John Cowan <jcowan@...>:

> Christophe Grandsire wrote: > > > An example is the verb "aimer": > > to love, stem "aim-" /Em/ vs. the corresponding noun "amour": love, > stem "am- > > " /am/. > > > Actually this one is because "amour" is a borrowing,
Well, indeed it's a borrowing from Occitan or another language of oc, but my point remains since the Northern cognate (heard here and there) is 'ameur' /a'm9R/ which also has the stem 'am-' (in fact, the verb used to be 'amer', with the stem 'aim-' in the present tense forms stressed on the stem, 'am-' being restricted to the forms stressed on the ending. Analogy regularized that by taking the first person present - using 'aim-' - as the basic form - which can be understood since at that time this form didn't have a distinctive ending anymore and became thus considered as the stem form - and regularised all forms based on that. The same happened to many verbs - only a few remain which still show alternations in the stem - regularising a lot the conjugations, but in many cases obscuring the relations between verbs and other words using originally the same root).
> > Sound change operates regularly to create irregularities; > analogy operates irregularly to create regularities. >
Should have remembered this sentence :((( . Christophe. Take your life as a movie: do not let anybody else play the leading role.