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Re: Subordination

From:Sally Caves <scaves@...>
Date:Thursday, April 1, 1999, 2:28
FFlores wrote:

> Sally Caves <scaves@...> wrote: > > > Subordination is very "formal" in Teonaht. _Ihai_functions as a kind of > > relative, a place-holder for the subject or object in question, > > and subordinate clauses follow main clauses with a mirroring of > > syntactical > > order. Since the main clause almost invariably ends with the verb, the > > subordinate clause will *begin* with the verb, in proper and improper > > relative > > clauses: > > > > Il beto nelry ke ytonakel ihai il mabbamba. > > "The boy did-I see kick-did that-one the ball." > > I saw the boy who kicked the ball. > > The "mirror" thing is a very interesting device. What happens > if you have to embed a subordinate clause within another? > (For example "I saw the boy who kicked the ball that he had > found"?).
You just add it on to the prior subordinate clause; but all subordinateclauses have reversed syntax. Il beto elry ke itonakel ihai il mabbamba nrina-lo ihhain The boy did I see kick did who the ball found-he which. You might also even say: Il beto itonakel-ihai il mabbamba nrina-lo ihhain elry ke. The boy kicked who the ball found he which I saw
> Drasele'q has some of the types of German-like constructions > that Twain made so much fun of. For example: > > _fol ma`sst nolt masse'lmaru"r aldval rin essal gef ren_ > under trees old orchard.LOC sleeping with blue eyes man > "the blue-eyed man (that is) sleeping under the trees in the orchard".
I like. I actually like these constructions that the Germans take so muchpride in and the English think so ugly: "On the step cracked by so much fallen last year's snow he tripped." Actually, because of it's word order, it resembles an English sentence; we put these kinds of subordinate phrases in the middle of our sentences too, only we encase them in commas: On the step, which was cracked by the snow that fell so much last year, he tripped.
> * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * > The trouble with the rat race is that even > if you win, you're still a rat. > Lily Tomlin
And my favorite: Never wrestle with a pig: you get dirty and the pig likes it. Sally Caves