|From:||Sally Caves <scaves@...>|
|Date:||Thursday, April 1, 1999, 2:28|
> Sally Caves <scaves@...> wrote:
> > Subordination is very "formal" in Teonaht. _Ihai_functions as a kind of
> > relative, a place-holder for the subject or object in question,
> > and subordinate clauses follow main clauses with a mirroring of
> > syntactical
> > order. Since the main clause almost invariably ends with the verb, the
> > subordinate clause will *begin* with the verb, in proper and improper
> > relative
> > clauses:
> > Il beto nelry ke ytonakel ihai il mabbamba.
> > "The boy did-I see kick-did that-one the ball."
> > I saw the boy who kicked the ball.
> The "mirror" thing is a very interesting device. What happens
> if you have to embed a subordinate clause within another?
> (For example "I saw the boy who kicked the ball that he had
You just add it on to the prior subordinate clause; but all subordinateclauses
have reversed syntax.
Il beto elry ke itonakel ihai il mabbamba nrina-lo ihhain
The boy did I see kick did who the ball found-he which.
You might also even say:
Il beto itonakel-ihai il mabbamba nrina-lo ihhain elry ke.
The boy kicked who the ball found he which I saw
> Drasele'q has some of the types of German-like constructions
> that Twain made so much fun of. For example:
> _fol ma`sst nolt masse'lmaru"r aldval rin essal gef ren_
> under trees old orchard.LOC sleeping with blue eyes man
> "the blue-eyed man (that is) sleeping under the trees in the orchard".
I like. I actually like these constructions that the Germans take so
muchpride in and the English think so ugly: "On the step cracked by so much
fallen last year's snow he tripped." Actually, because of it's word order,
it resembles an English sentence; we put these kinds of subordinate phrases
in the middle of our sentences too, only we encase them in commas:
On the step, which was cracked by the snow that fell so much last year,
> * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *
> The trouble with the rat race is that even
> if you win, you're still a rat.
> Lily Tomlin
And my favorite:
Never wrestle with a pig: you get dirty and the pig likes it.