idea for a conlang [phon]
|From:||Shreyas Sampat <ssampat@...>|
|Date:||Friday, February 7, 2003, 3:36|
So, I was thinking of Dirk's comment on strident fricatives and some other stuff
on fortis/lenis distinctions. I decided to make a conlang about it. This lang
has contrastive fortition (phonemic, not phonetic) on top of several other
features, leading to a very sizeable phonology:
Any consonant can be breathy-voiced (like Indic voiden aspirate stops) or
palatalized. Orthographically, this is shown as a grave or acute on the
Fortis stops are ejective (voiceless) or implosive(voiced). Lenis stops are simple stops.
p t c k
b d J\ g
ortho for palatals: c j
Fortis nasals are nasal-released stops; lenis nasals are simple nasals.
b_n d_n J\_n g_n
m n J N
m n jn gn
Fortis fricatives are defined as strident, while their lenis counterparts are nonstrident.
f s S X
v z Z G\
p\ T_a s\ h
B D_a z\ h\
f s x *
v z y *
*: These are kh, gh in isolation; after a stop they are |v|.
There are nine phonemic vowels /i I e E a o O u U/. Orthographically, lax vowels
duplicate the following vowel or suffix h: /kEtU/ |keutuh/
A stressed vowel neutralizes the tense/lax distinction in the vowel before it; it must be lax.
Vowels lengthen before lenis consonants. /kEtU/ [kE:tU]
Syllables are CV or TSV, where T is a stop and S a homorganic fricative of equal or
greater voicing (so pf, pv, bv, no bf.)
In a word, every consonant following a fortis consonant is fortis as well.
A root is at least bisyllabic. It has no fortition data.
There are three phases of roots, named after phases of the moon: new, half, and full.
New-phase has no fortition.
Half-phase has fortition of the second syllable and on.
Full-phase has fortition of the first syllable and on.
The phases have some weird grammatical usage.
The first fortis consonant in a word is written doubled (its first character, in multigraphs)
Sample text: (with breathy voice and palatalization as \ /)
Meizi p\iattako k/unu saddag\e-ppeagna. (meaningless)
I think I'll try and make a romanceconlang with this phonology.