Re: Debeo (was: Mood names)
|From:||Andreas Johansson <and_yo@...>|
|Date:||Saturday, January 25, 2003, 15:32|
The below seems to imply that "debitive" should rather mean "ought" than
"must". Any other ideas?
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>From: John Cowan <jcowan@...>
>Roger Mills scripsit:
> > I suspect it may have meant both "ought" and "must/have to"-- but that's
> > based on its Romance meanings. Latin experts, speak up.
>Thus spake those undoubted Latin experts, Messrs. Lewis & Short
>(quotations deleted; original text at
>dêbeo < dehibeo , -ui, -itum, 2, v. a. [de-habeo] , (lit., to have
>or keep from some one: hence, to owe (Gr. opheilo^; opp. reddo, solvo,
>persolvo, freq. and class.).
> I. Lit., of money and money's worth.
> II. Trop., to owe something, i. e. to be under obligation, both
> to and for something.
> A. To owe, i. e. to be bound or under obligation to render,
> pay, etc., something
> With inf., to be bound, in duty bound
> to do something; I ought, must, should,
> etc., do it (in class. prose always in
> the sense of moral necessity; in the
> poets sometimes for necesse est)
> b. Pass., to be due or owing
> 2. Poet.
> a. To owe, i. e. to be bound or destined by fate
> or by nature. --More usually, pass., to be due
> i. e. to be destined:
> b. So, what one is destined by the fates
> to suffer is regarded as his debt
> B. To owe something to some one, to be indebted to or to
> have to thank one for something.
> Absol., to be indebted, obliged,
> under obligation to one
> C. To continue to owe something; i. e. to withhold, keep back:
>My confusion is rapidly waxing John Cowan
>For XML Schema's too taxing: firstname.lastname@example.org
> I'd use DTDs http://www.reutershealth.com
> If they had local trees -- http://www.ccil.org/~cowan
>I think I best switch to RELAX NG.