Debeo (was: Mood names)
|From:||John Cowan <jcowan@...>|
|Date:||Wednesday, January 22, 2003, 22:52|
Roger Mills scripsit:
> I suspect it may have meant both "ought" and "must/have to"-- but that's
> based on its Romance meanings. Latin experts, speak up.
Thus spake those undoubted Latin experts, Messrs. Lewis & Short
(quotations deleted; original text at
dêbeo < dehibeo , -ui, -itum, 2, v. a. [de-habeo] , (lit., to have
or keep from some one: hence, to owe (Gr. opheilo^; opp. reddo, solvo, dissolvo,
persolvo, freq. and class.).
I. Lit., of money and money's worth.
II. Trop., to owe something, i. e. to be under obligation, both
to and for something.
A. To owe, i. e. to be bound or under obligation to render,
pay, etc., something
With inf., to be bound, in duty bound
to do something; I ought, must, should,
etc., do it (in class. prose always in
the sense of moral necessity; in the
poets sometimes for necesse est)
b. Pass., to be due or owing
a. To owe, i. e. to be bound or destined by fate
or by nature. --More usually, pass., to be due
i. e. to be destined:
b. So, what one is destined by the fates
to suffer is regarded as his debt
B. To owe something to some one, to be indebted to or to
have to thank one for something.
Absol., to be indebted, obliged,
under obligation to one
C. To continue to owe something; i. e. to withhold, keep back:
My confusion is rapidly waxing John Cowan
For XML Schema's too taxing: email@example.com
I'd use DTDs http://www.reutershealth.com
If they had local trees -- http://www.ccil.org/~cowan
I think I best switch to RELAX NG.