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Re: Castillian Greek was Re: Slovanik, Enamyn, and Slavic slaves

From:Philip Newton <philip.newton@...>
Date:Monday, August 5, 2002, 5:04
On 4 Aug 02, at 9:21, Thomas Leigh wrote:

> The perfective stem is derived ultimately, from the old s-future > (I think; I haven't studied ancient Greek, but there's a tense formed by > adding -s to the stem, I think it's the future).
I think those forms came from the old aorist subjunctive. The forms are nearly identical to the future (except for the vowel length in the ending -- aorist subjunctive has o:, e: vs o, e in the future indicative) except in the passive voice -- a.s. has e.g. lithó [ModG pronunciation] vs f.i. lithísome from lío (ModG líno).
> I don't think it was mentioned before, but there's a whole other set of > endings for the passive voice.
And middle voice. The two were distinct (though similar) in Ancient Greek but have merged in modern Greek. (To use the paradigmatic verb "lío" = "to loose, untie", the middle voice is "I loose myself" while the passive is "I am loosed".) Only the passive forms are used in ModG, even when a middle meaning is intended (and there are quite a few verbs which only have a middle voice but an active meaning -- e.g. skéftome "I think", proséfxome "I pray", lipáme "I am sorry"). Cheers, Philip -- Philip Newton <Philip.Newton@...>