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Re: The Story Of Nevoulain and Grammar

From:Elliott Lash <al260@...>
Date:Wednesday, November 28, 2001, 21:35
Nevoulain is the name of the island kingdom of my new language Jelardin.

(nevoulain < nevou "new"  glain "land")

The story is as follows (the beginning of it at least)

The great empire of the south fell and waves of barbarian tribes swept into
the country of the Jelarz. A long war was fought between the various
chieftains of the Jelarz and the tribes that were forcing their way into the

Lavidañ an louda voweth bedravou as kouestawont traozh o vewgol gouil tan
alouesad jelarzou. Godañ revael hier an goured navo añdh bistevik Jelarz as
im mewgol s/kaz nouañ eo dorfaldawont nei hemeurv ta/n alouesad.


lavi-da-ñ   an louda +L-goweth +L-pedravou as
fall-P-3rds the great  empire    southern  and

+M-goues-ta-wont traozh o +L-mewga-ol gouil tan aloue-sad
come-P-3rdp     waves OF  tribe-pl foreign into country

jelarz-ou. Go-da-ñ   revael hier an gour-ed na-vo añdh
jelarz-ADJ. get-P-3rds war long the fight-GER to-it from

+L-pistevik jelarz  as in +N-mewga-ol es kaz nouañ eo
chieftains of-jelarz and the tribe-pl it was they that

+L-torfal-da-wont nei hemeurv ta an aloue-sad
  force-P-3rdp    their way   into the country

Some Morphology:
-da (-ta after voiceless)
 -ñ: nasalizes preceding [a] third person singular [da~]
 -wont: third person plural [daBon]

plural is formed in many ways. The three present here are umlaut, -ol, and

gouel: foreign > gouil  UMLAUT
pestavek: chieftain > pistevik UMLAUT
mewga: tribe > mewgol   -OL
traezhidh: wave > traozh: waves  COLLECTIVE
mutation exists in five classes:

Lenition, Nasalization, Spirantization, Provection, and Mixed.

The only ones that occur here are Lenition, Nasalization and Mixed:

t > d   d > dh
p > b   b > v   m > v
k > g   g > 0   go > vo  gou- > ou-

t > ndh  d > n
p > mbh  b > m
k > ngh  g > ng

t > th/z d > t
p > ph   b > p
k > ch   g > k

Lenition is triggered in many circumstances:

1) When the adjective precedes its noun:

louda voweth: great empire < goweth: empire

2) When an adjective follows a masculine singular noun:

goweth bedravou: southern empire  < pedravou: southern

3) After the partitive particle: o

traozh o vewgol: waves of tribes < mewgol: tribes

4) After certain prepositions:

añdh bistevik: from chieftains < pistevik: chieftains

5) After eo: that

eo dorfaldawont 'that forced'

6) Many other places not shown here.
Nasalization is triggered in the following circumstances:

1) After the plural article: in

  im mewgol : the tribes.    Here it doesn?t show to well, but it does in the
phrase: in nhraozh: the waves <   traozh: waves

2) Many other places not shown in this example.

Mixed Mutation:

1) After the conjunction: as

  as kouestawont: and they came  <  gouestawont: they came

One notable quirk of Jelardin is the lack of relative pronouns:

In this excerpt, the phrase: the tribes that were forcing their way into the
country, is translated:

as im mewgol s/kaz nouañ eo dorfaldawont nei hemeurv ta/n alouesad.

Literally this means:
     And the tribes (it was they that) forced-they their way into the country

This construction is used in almost every place where the relative pronouns
is the subject of the clause:

 S/aez or S/kaz:  it is/it was + appropriate subject pronoun + eo
(conjunction) + sentence

To translate ?whose?  The construction is:

S/aez or S/kaz: it is/it was + article + NOUN + na- ?to? + pronominal ending


Oudh brez s?kaz an aemen navo Krouivel
There was a man whose name was Krouivel

Where ?aemen?  is  ?name?

The language is basically apriori, except of course it resembled breton a lot
in pronunciation, orthography and in some grammatical points. I have also
borrowed a few worlds from Cornish, Welsh, and Breton...although it's hard to
say which ones are borrowed! :)