Nattiki (was: Re : New Conlanger)
|From:||JOEL MATTHEW PEARSON <mpearson@...>|
|Date:||Friday, May 14, 1999, 23:52|
> << bob = currently doing (prefix) >>
> Funny : "bob" was the aspectual mark of the class-conlang someone on the list
> (can't remember who) told us recently.
Yes, the language is Nattiki, which my students (in an honours Intro to
Linguistics class) are currently inventing (under my guidance). The
prefix "bob-" is indeed indeed used to mark the present progressive:
bobchee "is running"
Incidentally, we made up some subject and object agreement morphemes
today. Some examples:
ichee "I run"
nachee "you run"
chee "s/he runs"
fochee "we run"
zichee "you (pl) run"
techee "they run"
chee dezeetem "the child runs"
techee dezeetem "the children run"
ichaloo'oni "I love you"
ichalooeo "I love him/her"
ichaloodo "I love you (pl)"
ichaloozet "I love them"
didmatem "dog (nominative)"
didmalatem "my dog"
didmaonitem "your dog"
didmaeotem "his/her dog"
didmaeptem "our dog"
didmadotem "your (pl) dog"
didmazettem "their dog"
Just for the hell of it, some example sentences to show you how
the language is progressing:
"The hamster is singing"
teoshooan ooguop meeliiop
3p-Pst-drink sour-Acc milk-Acc
"They drank the sour milk"
olhuk tushop keetem
Pst-cut bread-Acc boy-Nom
"The boy cut the bread"
"I am talking to my boyfriend"
"My boyfriend is talking to me"
shulhomapo guuop ka pacheeop dabetop dezeetem
Fut-give book-Acc to obese-Acc doctor-Acc child-Nom
"The child will give the book to the obese doctors"
iolhomapozet ka didmaop
1s-Pst-give-3p to dog-Acc
"I gave them to the dog"
tebaafa kan dee och dezeezettem dabettem
3p-know that is genius child-3p-Nom doctor-Nom
"The doctors know that their child is a genius"
ibobgenaa ka biifaop wadjaop
1s-Prog-go to large-Acc house-Acc
"I am going to the large house"
teolhaalho po kuuhuop shimwoop
3p-Pst-return from beautiful-Acc country-Acc
"They returned from a beautiful country"
foshukabe guuop bap shiiop daataop
1p-Fut-put book-Acc in blue-Acc box-Acc
"We will put the books in the blue box"
oembalu chonaop didmaop keetem
Pst-hug old-Acc dog-Acc boy-Nom
"The boy hugged the old dog"
baakatem oembalu chonaop didmaop?
who-Nom Pst-hug old-Acc dog-Acc
"Who hugged the old dog?"
kej teshujeeta kuumajalaatem?
when 3p-Fut-eat-lunch elephant-Nom
"When will the elephants eat lunch?"
ogiishuula keetem baakatem oembalu didmaop
Pst-visit-1s boy-Nom who-Nom Pst-hug dog-Acc
"The boy who hugged the dog visited me"
Note that the vocabulary was made up entirely by the students,
while the grammatical features of the language were either
devised by me, or (in most cases) randomly determined by
spinning a wheel. E.g., we decided on the inventory of sounds
for the language by spinning the wheel to determine what sets
of stops, fricatives, vowels, affricates, etc., would be
You'll notice from the above examples that Nattiki has
the following characteristics:
-- Basic word order is VOS
-- Nouns are marked for case (Nominative vs. Accusative)
-- Adjectives precede the noun, and are also marked for case
-- There are no pronouns, only agreement affixes on the verb
-- Subject agreement is marked by prefixes
-- Tense is marked by prefixes
-- Object agreement and possession are marked by suffixes
-- There is no singular/plural marking on nouns
-- There are no articles ("a", "the")
-- Wh-words move to the front of the sentence in questions
-- Relative clauses have a wh-question-like structure
(a la French or English)
That's enough for now. I'll report more later.