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Re: How Does This Look? (Sound Changes)

From:Rob Haden <magwich78@...>
Date:Thursday, August 28, 2003, 22:22
Sorry, I'll elaborate:

On Thu, 28 Aug 2003 16:57:19 -0400, David Peterson <ThatBlueCat@...>

>For me, a list of sound change rules would be easier. Anyway: > > Sound Change 1: Why is the first /na/ not attached? Was it a separate > word? As to the change, I've heard of diphthongs with /o/ going to [wa], > but never /o/ by itself--especially not in medial position.
At that stage, 'na' was an independent word. The rounded vowel /o/ causes a labialized articulation of the preceding consonant, and then the vowel is levelled to /a/: no > nwo > nwa. The 'w' is a labial glide.
> Sound Change 2: I've never heard of deaffrication causing compensatory > vowel lengthening, nor /wa/ > [u]. I could see /n/ > [N]...
The labial glide is syllabized. The compensatory vowel lengthening is not due to de-affrication, but due to de-aspiration: kxha > kxa: > kha:.
> Sound Change 4: I don't know what the /e/ with the dots over it means. > In Russian, it's [jO]. Also, is the dotted /i/ an inflectional affix, or > something that was permanently added, like a nominative case ending, or > noun class suffix? Anyway, if it was added (and presuming it sounds > something like [i]), then I can see it fronting the /o/ to become /2/.
The dotted /e/ is a mid-back unrounded vowel; the dotted /i/ is a high-back unrounded vowel. The -i/ï ending was the old dative case, extended analogically to become the absolutive case. Before then, all unstressed rounded vowels were de-rounded: /o/ > /ë/, /u/ > /ï/. Later, /ï/ merged with /i/ and /ë/ merged with /e/, and then all unstressed /i/ merged with /e/.
> Sound Change 5: I don't know about the vowel lengthening, since you > already have a long consonant in /nn/.
The vowel lengthening is again due to de-aspiration.
> Sound Change 6: /i/ > [e] is fine, of course, and while I've never heard > of /nn/ > [nt], for some reason, it seems plausible... Has anyone heard > of this kind of sound change?
My reasoning behind /nn/ > /nt/ was that /nn/ was pronounced emphatically, with a puff of air or something like that, to distinguish it from /n/. This came to be pronounced as if there was a dental stop after the dental nasal, giving /nt/. - Rob