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1st lesson in Gaajan (wsd: Re: Weekly Vocab #1.1.3 (repost #1))

From:Lars Finsen <lars.finsen@...>
Date:Thursday, September 14, 2006, 12:22
Den 14. sep. 2006 kl. 03.24 skrev Henrik Theiling:

>>> Could you give some description of your langs? I'd be very >>> interested. >> >> Sure. I have an introductory course in Urianian at http:// >> >> ... > > Even if I would allow my browser to log in at Yahoo, it would probably > not be easy to read .rtf files. But I'll read in your other there.
You are boycotting Yahoo? And why? Maybe I should set up my group elsewhere? I think I will put it on my home pages eventually. And can you recommend a file format that's more transportable than rtf? I thought there weren't any. I's like to post a first lesson in Gaajan. The clue to mastering Gaajan is learning the auxiliaries. There are two of them, and they both may be translated as 'be' or 'do', depending on the context. One of them, iu, is used for intransitive verbs while the other, a, is used for transitives. That is: they make the verbs transitive or intransitive. An auxiliary can have a meaning on its own. For example, iut alone means "I am" or "I do" or "yes", depending on the context. But usually they are associated with a verb. In Gaajan, all clauses require an auxiliary, and most often a verb. The verb is always immediately in front of the auxiliary, which terminates the clause. Examples: ketk iut - I scratch ij tiu - you eat ej iu - he, she, it sleeps ini giu - we say an jun - you(pl.) walk wini junji - they run Note that there are no gender specification in the third person forms. Note also that a leading i in the auxiliary will mutate to a fricative j (again like the English y) after vowels or l, m and n. These 6 forms of the intransitive auxiliaries are easy to learn. Not so easy are the 36 forms of the transitive auxiliaries. Also, dative is marked on the auxiliaries, giving in principle 252 more forms. But there is some system to the madness, which helps a little. Here are some examples of transitive sentences: Epe tate - I love you. Bee aut a - she hits the boy. Ekoke ik ate - the fire burns me. Ekewe usenuke ild anjinje - the wolves kill the sheep. Here, -ke (just -e after consonants) marks the subject of a transitive action, if it's not implicit in the auxiliary. In the last sentence above you are free to switch ekewe and usenuke about as you please, as long as you keep them ahead of the verb. The plural marker is -we after vowels except a, and -u elsewhere. There is no concept of the definite, so I'm just putting in the 'the's of the translations as I please. LEF .....home pages


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