|From:||Kenneth Asad <kenneth_asad@...>|
|Date:||Monday, September 29, 2008, 16:19|
I am wondering, is there any natlang - or for that matter conlang - that has
some quadrivalent verbs?
I am thinking about a type of verbs which has four arguements:
an agent; a patient; a recipient; and then something fourth.
I would imagine that quadrivalency would describe some kind of exchance.
In fact I am thinking about an example from the english language:
he sold the book to her for 20 bucks
"he" is definitely the agent - and in fact also the subject;
"the book" is definitely the patient;
"her = she" is the recipient and is supplied with an adposition (= preposition).
as to "20 bucks"...
Well, it has an adposition :-) but so did "she" and this didn't stop "she" from
being the recipient...
As I see it, one could see "20 bucks" as being 'the exchange patient', or
something like that.
I haven't been able to find any other instances in english, nor my own native
In fact in danish the sentence would be:
han solgte bogen til hende for 20 spir
What I'm not thinking about, though, is something like the causative voice.