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More isues in Hangkerim naming

From:Carlos Thompson <chlewey@...>
Date:Tuesday, February 23, 1999, 4:37
In a last post I wrote something about how are the naming uses in Modern
Hangkerim.  One important thing I missed is the use of KU~ which is
something like a tittle which is append to one persons name as
recognition if s/he plays a leading role for the speaker.

About the terminology: the family name is called HAN\GU^YA~.  The given
name is DEM~KI/YA~.  HAN\GU^ means root while YA~ is a suffix meaning...
name, of course. DEM~KI/ roughly means own/self.

That concept I've been using the English name "club" are called VUN~ in
Hangkerimce, and the VUN~YA~ is the name each Hangkerimre will used as
an adult.  The name of the club has no word for it's own and is more a
social use than an official concept.  The name of the Vung is used for
people to call other people of different Vung or Hanggu, either alon ir
with the personal suffix RE~.

Usually KU~ is not used with the name of the Vung but usually with the
Vungya or the Hangguya or the Demkiya-Hanguya combination (official name
or ZE~HIN~YA~).

In Classical Hangkerim (second kingdom) there was a more stratified
society: nobility, communers and slaves.  (Modern Hangkerim has no
slaves nor nobels)

Communers had no Hangguya.  They where called after the
community/tribe/town they where from: RIM\YA~, but they had Demkiya
which was the name given by they fathers.  In those times the Vung where
born grouping people of the same occupation.  Between the Vung people
were often not called by theit Demikiya but by a nickname, and people
outside the Vung would have used the name of the ocupation for refering
to the individual.

Nobels had a true Hangguya.  Many of the first Hangguya were originaly
Rimya, but slightli changed.  The Hangguya are matrilinear.  Besides
their Hangguya and Demkiya, nobels used the name of the spirit that
govern their possesions and, in many cases a string of names of his/her
possessions separated by KU_.

Slaves where called by her/his only name, or by a voice like "Slave" or
"boy".  Some of this voices has survived, some times modified, till
modern days as Hangguya.  Some Hangguya has also be names of some Vung.

When a slave where emancipated just because nobody around him/her cared
s/he was a slave, they would adopt the Rimya, usually, or become part of
a Vung.