Arveuneic Part Three
|Date:||Tuesday, December 5, 2000, 18:35|
3.1.1 Personal pronouns
Here are the Arveuneic personal pronouns. Pretty standar Romance fare, I'm
afraid. The first given is the subject form, then the direct object, then
the indirect object and finally the possessive, with masculine and then the
I jeu, me, mei, meu, mea
you (s, informal) tu, te, tei, tou, tua
he e, le, lui, sou, sua
she ela, la, ela, sou, sua
we nòs, nòs, nous, nôstre, nôstre
you (pl, polite) vòs, vòs, vous, vôstre
they eles, eles, eles, lor, lor
The possessive pronouns are generally preceded by an article (as in Italian
and Portuguese); one says "le tou deic" *not* "tou deic" for "your finger".
For emphasis, the article is dropped and de (indirect object pronoun) is
added: "tou deic de tei!", "YOUR finger". Prepositions are always followed
by indirect object pronouns.
3.1.2 Other pronouns
The other pronouns are "who, what, someone, something etc". They are given
what que cosa
somewhat (!) quelque cosa
anything aucuna cosa
everything cascuna cosa
of that, of it en (cf. French en or Italian ne), from the Latin INDE
to that, there gli (cf. French y or Italian lì)
3.1.3 Relative pronouns
the thing which ce que
of which, whose doun
which lequeu, laquela
Personal pronouns always come before the verb. The order is:
subject - direct object - indirect object - en - gli - verb
Therefore "I'm off there to him" is jeu me lui en gli vai. "I'm off" is from
the verb anderense (cf. s'en aller or andarsene). Admittedly, a rather
contrived sentence, but it does show the ordering of the pronouns.
A few common prepositions combine with the article, like in Italian or
Portuguese or French.
en "in, into"
en + le - neu
en + la - nella
en + les - nès
en + las - nellas
a "to, at"
a + le - au
a + la - alla
a + les - aus
a + las - allas
de "from, of"
de + le - deu
de + la - della
de + les - dès
de + las - dellas
In Arveuneic, there are three degrees of demonstratives (vs two in
English -here/there). The degree chosen depends on the distance of the
object, and are approximately:
aicì close to me (here, in my hand)
aquì close to you (there, a few steps away, in your hand)
ailà close to him (over there, far away, in his/her hand, and he/she can't
Accordingly, the Arveuneic demonstrative adjectives and pronouns are the
distance pronoun number masculine feminine
aicí aiçô sing aiceste aicesta
plur aicestes aicestas
aquí aquô sing aqueste aquesta
plur aquestes aquestas
ailà ailô sing aquel aquela
plur aqueus aquelas
There is also a neutral (in terms of distance) pronoun, çô, similar in use
to the French ça.
Next post will be verbs. I'm dreading it.
E souvein-te della veritát que se ja dissó,
And remember the truth that once was spoken,
Amer un autre es veder le visaic de Deu.
To love anonther person is to see the face of god.