pro-forms (was: Re: linguolabials)
|From:||J Matthew Pearson <pearson@...>|
|Date:||Thursday, June 14, 2001, 18:03|
Shreyas Sampat wrote:
> What other pro-things are there? Pronouns, of course, are all over the
> place. IMO this is possible because a noun tends to be used repeatedly in
> a discourse, and so methods are devised to avoid that. On the other hand,
> verbs are usually unrepeated for reasonable periods, and so when a proverb
> is used it's going to be either in a poetic context or such that the
> antecedent's been forgotten, or possibly in a me-too construction.
Tokana has a pro-verb _omia_ "do (so)":
Na nelha ilohfoi, elh ma ifoi lolhampute omia'
she leave tomorrow and I then(Future) week-DAT do-so-DEP
"She will leave tomorrow, and I will (do so) next week"
This proverb is derived from _omi_ "thus, so, like this/that, that's how", which
among other uses, functions as a pro-adverbial, and as a pro-clause:
Na nelha ilohfoi, su omi opama
she leave tomorrow or so think-I
"She will leave tomorrow, or so I think"
In this example, _omi_ stands in for _na nelha ilohfoi_ "she will leave
_Omi_ also forms the basis for a number of other pro-adverbials:
omaun "if so, if that's the case"
omielh "in order for that to happen, therefore"
omitalh "because of that, for that reason, that's why"
omusna "instead of that, instead"