Substitives and suffixes
|From:||Matthew Kehrt <matrix14@...>|
|Date:||Monday, August 28, 2000, 21:25|
Recently I returned from taking a three-week JHU summer program. The
class I took was on etymologies, and it also covered a lot of basic
linguistics. I learned quite a bit.
During the course, I realized that English has many ways of forming
new words. Two of these are substitive words, where a word is used as
another part of speech (i.e. American for an American PERSON; noun
becomes an adjective) and the process of adding suffixes to change
the part of speech (for example teacher from teach + -ER).
What I want to know is whether these two processes are standard in
other natlangs as well. I speak a little French, but not enough to
know. I specifically am wondering about non-IE langs such as
Eviendadïl, my conlang, has a few suffixes, but not many, and no pure
substitive words. If however, these processes are normal in all
natlangs, it would allow me to add them.
Certê-ä "Matthew William" sa Mathyü Üilyám
Saráth evenü, cán el-sayü liné!