Relative clauses in Orelynna (part 2)
|From:||James Worlton <jworlton@...>|
|Date:||Tuesday, February 3, 2004, 3:43|
It seems that in all of the noun cases I have tried so far for relative
clause referents (7 of 10 as of today--2 yesterday, 5 today) that they
all work acceptably well. I don't know Orēlynna well enough to tell if
any are particularly awkward, but hopefully that familiarity will come
The following characters are present:
ā - a macron; ē - e macron; ð - eth; þ - thorn
1. Nominative case (yesterday)
2. Accusative case (yesterday)
3. Relative clause with indirect object referent:
suno anudomy go ēlyndot ēlynuna* dea.
see.I man-the.ACC REL sang.you song.ACC 3S.DAT**
'I see the man that you sang the song to.'
*This can gloss to 'the song' or 'a song' even though the definite
article is not present, depending on context. The definite article is
mainly used for strong emphasis on a particular thing. This would be
nearer to English 'that thing.'
**Orēlynna does not distinguish male/female 3rd person, but it does in
1st and 2nd person (examples below).
4. Relative clause with an oblique (Illative case) referent:
suno hulānueþmy go imemakat eþār.
see.I river-the.ACC REL fell.you(fem.) it.ILL
'I see the river that you fell into.'
5. Relative clause with an oblique (Elative case) referent:
suno hulānueþmy go hunakat euþ.
see.I river-the.ACC REL walked.you(fem.) it.ELA
'I see the river that you walked out of.'
6. Relative clause with an oblique (Comitative case) referent:
suna anudomy go hundo daky.
see.I(fem) man-the.ACC REL walk.you(masc.) 3S.COM
'I see the man you are walking with.' or more correctly 'I see the man
with whom you are walking.'
7. Relative clause with possessor referent:
suno anudomy go ðoharhyltet ayleneþdasa.
see.I man-the.ACC REL REFL.burned.it house.his.GEN
'I see the man whose house burned down.'
English is a whole lot more efficient in this instance with 8 syllables
conveying what it takes Orēlynna 16 to express.
"We know by means of our intelligence
that what the intelligence does not
comprehend is more real than what it