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Relative clauses in Orelynna (part 2)

From:James Worlton <jworlton@...>
Date:Tuesday, February 3, 2004, 3:43
It seems that in all of the noun cases I have tried so far for relative
clause referents (7 of 10 as of today--2 yesterday, 5 today) that they
all work acceptably well. I don't know Orēlynna well enough to tell if
any are particularly awkward, but hopefully that familiarity will come
with time...

The following characters are present:
ā - a macron; ē - e macron; ð - eth; þ - thorn

1. Nominative case (yesterday)
2. Accusative case (yesterday)

3. Relative clause with indirect object referent:
suno  anudomy     go  ēlyndot  ēlynuna* dea.
see.I man-the.ACC REL song.ACC 3S.DAT**
'I see the man that you sang the song to.'

*This can gloss to 'the song' or 'a song' even though the definite
article is not present, depending on context. The definite article is
mainly used for strong emphasis on a particular thing. This would be
nearer to English 'that thing.'
**Orēlynna does not distinguish male/female 3rd person, but it does in
1st and 2nd person (examples below).

4. Relative clause with an oblique (Illative case) referent:
suno  hulānueþmy    go  imemakat       eþār.
see.I river-the.ACC REL it.ILL
'I see the river that you fell into.'

5. Relative clause with an oblique (Elative case) referent:
suno  hulānueþmy    go  hunakat          euþ.
see.I river-the.ACC REL it.ELA
'I see the river that you walked out of.'

6. Relative clause with an oblique (Comitative case) referent:
suna       anudomy     go  hundo           daky.
see.I(fem) man-the.ACC REL 3S.COM
'I see the man you are walking with.' or more correctly 'I see the man
with whom you are walking.'

7. Relative clause with possessor referent:
suno  anudomy     go  ðoharhyltet    ayleneþdasa.
see.I man-the.ACC REL house.his.GEN
'I see the man whose house burned down.'
English is a whole lot more efficient in this instance with 8 syllables
conveying what it takes Orēlynna 16 to express.

James Worlton
          "We know by means of our intelligence
          that what the intelligence does not
          comprehend is more real than what it
          does comprehend."
                           --Simone Weil