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Merian H-4: Grammar and Phonology.

From:Joe Hill <joe@...>
Date:Tuesday, December 25, 2001, 16:31
Yet another Conlang of My world :-)

Merian H-4

Merian H-4 is a heavily inflected multi-cased system.  It has a fairly
complex phonology.


Tt - Dental Stop
Dd - Voiced Dental Stop
Qq - Uvular Click
Kk - Uvular Stop
Gg -Voiced Uvular Stop
Nn - Voiced Velar Nasal
Ff - Bilabial Affricate
Vv - Voiced Bilabial Affricate
Ss - Velar Sibilant
Zz - Voiced Velar Sibilant
Cc - Velar Stop
Xx - Velar Affricate
Hh - Glottal Aspirate
Mm - Voiced Bilabial Nasal


Aa - Open Back Unrounded
Uu - Closed Front Rounded
Oo - Open Back Rounded
Ee - Mid Front Rounded
Ii - Mid Central Unrounded


Ergative - The Ergative case is the subject in Present tense transitive
Absolutive - The Absolutive is the object in Present tense transitive
sentences, and the subject in intransitive present tense ones.
Pretergative - The Ergative, but in Past Tense
Pretabsolutive - The Absoloutive but in past tense
Postergative - The Ergative, but in Future Tense
Postabsolutive - The absoloutive in the Future Tense
Facergative - The Ergative, in the Uncertain Future Tense
Facabsolutive - The Absolutive, in the Uncertain Future Tense
Dative - Indirect object of any Present Tense Sentence
Predative - Indirect object in the past tense
Postdative - indirect object in the future tense
Facudative - Indirect object in the uncertain future tense

As you see, there is a different case for each tense, so I shall merely list
the Present cases.

Instrumental  - The thing something is done by.

Benefactive - The thing something is done for

Locative - Indicate if something is done there
(in the town)

Allative - To indicate if something is done towards there

(Eastern)- To signify if something is in the East
(Western)- same as above, but in the west
(Southern)- something is in the south
(Northern)-Guess what.
(Northwards Etc.) - If something is done towards specified direction.

(Rightwards and Leftwards)- Same as above, but right and left.


Again, all the work is done by the noun, there are numbers inflected for up
to 10, and a plural number, for above or unspecified.

Noun Letter Order

The Cases and number are inflected after a glottal stop.
The Case takes 2 letters, and the number takes one.

The Verb
The Verb does not inflect.

Letter Order is the same as nouns

The Adjective

The adjective merges with the noun, but has the same letter order

The adverb is the same, but with verbs.


Talpas Tim <tim@...>