Re: Secret Agents or Agent Secrets?
|From:||Nik Taylor <fortytwo@...>|
|Date:||Thursday, August 5, 1999, 4:48|
Jim Grossmann wrote:
> Is an "agent" ALWAYS something that acts on something else?
> Or can an "agent" do actions without an object, like "jump" and "skip?"
No, at least I don't think so. Agent indicates something that
volitionally acts upon something else. Altho, of course, agent is often
compounded with other roles like subject and mover in actual languages.
> If the answer to the last one is "no," then what do we call the jumper or
> skipper? I've heard the term "mover" used, but what about verbs that stand
> for things voluntarily done that don't necessarily involve movement like
Well, there are a lot of terms for different roles. "S" (short for
subject) is often used as a cover term for intransitive subjects.
> In languages that don't need reflexive pronoun, what name do we give the
> subject's semantic role? (I don't think they're called "atients" or
Good question. I dunno.
> What do we call the semantic role of the subject in a clause with reciprocal
> voice in a language that needs no reciprocal pronoun?
Probably the same as the subject in reflexive.
"[H]e axed after eggys: And the goode wyf answerde, that she coude not
speke no Frenshe ... And then at last a nother sayd that he woulde haue
hadde eyren: then the goode wyf sayd that she vnderstood hym wel." --
AIM Screen-Name: NikTailor