ASCII IPA CB SYSTEM
|From:||Barbara Barrett <barbarabarrett@...>|
|Date:||Monday, August 19, 2002, 13:10|
";" = view next character upside-down,
":" = lengthen previous character.
"@" = back unrounded "a" (the shwa is ;e for the record)
"." = view next pair of characters ligatured.
Hi All ;-)
I've gotta confess that it was dissatisfaction with both systems that
prompted me to post CB as an alternative system to this list a few years
back. Like X-SAMPA it covered the whole IPA (but wasn't clunky) and like
Kirsh was based on visualization of the IPA.
>How do you know if ' is primary stress or ejective? You just guess, I >guess.
In CB stress was a 2 character mark. If it followed a sign eg; /p'/ it
was ejective but if it preceded a sign and was itself preceded by a
space then it was stress eg; / 'p/, or a better example would be a whole
"Station" = / ,steI 'S;vn/ or / ,steI 'S;en/ depending on accent.
If one was noting stress into a whole sentence the underline was used
within words replacing the pre-stress space, eg;
"He's at the station" / 'hi:z ,@t 'D;v ,steI_'S;vn/
note that between words the extra pre-stress space was unnecessary and
>Another scheme, probably only known on this list, is CPA (a search in the
>archive should turn it up). Personally I like it rather better than either
>(X-)SAMPA or Kirshenbaum, but it hasn't gained much following. My favourite
>thing about it is that it uses ^j and ^h to represent palatalization and
>aspiration respectively, which's very easy to remember for anyone who's any
>familiar with the IPA and ASCII-fied math. I sometimes use these particular
>notations even when otherwise sticking to X-SAMPA.
Yep, CB uses the same notation - I wonder which came first?
If C = character and N = notation , The syntax is C^N . In CB
instructions preceded the character and articulation instructions
followed it. I adapted the C^N format for 20 of the 31 IPA diacritics,
one was already covered by the ligature instruction, and with the
exception of the tongue root instructions (^) (.) (+) (-) the remaining
6 followed the format C_N so for example e^~ means nasalize but e_~
means creaky voiced. Basically ^ instructed "place above or superscript
to previous character" and _ instructed "place below or subscript to
previous character". As _ and ' or , were only ever came together in
stress notation there was no confusion.