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Re: Degrees of volition in active languages (was Re:Chevraqis:asketch)

From:Irina Rempt <ira@...>
Date:Monday, August 14, 2000, 9:08
On Mon, 14 Aug 2000, Thomas R. Wier wrote:

I wrote:

> > l-am v@zut pe el > > him-have seen OBJ him > > "I have seen him" > > > > This is the emphatic form; without emphasis it's simply "l-am v@zut". > > Wait -- does that mean that Romanian crossreferences both the object > and the subject on the verb?
The unemphasized pronoun is a clitic; I think it depends on your definition of "on the verb" :-) This is only with human objects, and in the case of inversion: l-am v@zut pe Sorin - I've seen Sorin l-am v@zut pe el - I've seen HIM, it's him I've seen l-am v@zut - I've seen him (_pe_ is an object marker for human objects) but: am v@zut cîinele - I've seen the dog l-am v@zut - I've seen it and emphasized: cîinele l-am v@zut - it's the dog I've seen
> Or does the unemphasized form just leave > the object NP out, left to be assumed by the listener?
For unspecified human objects, yes. Irina -- Varsinen an laynynay, saraz no arlet rastynay. (myself)