|From:||Gerald Koenig <jlk@...>|
|Date:||Sunday, July 11, 1999, 3:53|
Boudjewin Rempt's post of his case file gives me a chance to check out
NGL space cases :) below. In fact I never thought much about space grammar
being case-based. Anyway, thanks very much B., for sharing your file. I
had to caulk some unnoticed leaks in the grammar to express the cases
listed. Of course my brand of NGL is isolating and these are really
just equivalents of inflections. Some of them could easily be tacked
onto a verb though. With the profusion of cases, it's pretty clear to me
why things have moved up in front of the verb.
Short explanation of VXT:
"dis" means displaced-to and it needs completion with a direction or
adverb: disi means displaced to the right, located right, is_right.
The NGL letters i, ju, ke are right, forward, up, with reference to the
speaker. Label the thumb i, the forefinger j, and the middle k, and you
have it. In-i, inju, inke, are the opposite directions.
"pas" means moving on a path.
The "s" stands for "Space" and it can be elided when followed by a
consonant. disinke (dinke) means downward relative to the speaker.
1. locative: place, destination at a certain point, point in time:
VST "-ka","place of the/place where",,
place where bears are.
VTT (time) Mu ga "point" "Now" is equal to 6:40pm.
Mug 6:41. Now it's 6:41.
2. possessive locative: place, destination belonging to a certain area
VST Waut Jerry, or Jerryut.
waut, -ut Jerry's house, Chez Jerry.
def place of N
3. inessive: in(side)
4. adessive: at
VST kin::- coincident with
5. superessive: above
VST keor::- above origin X.
ke means upward, or means origin.
6. subessive: below
7.ablative: going from, 'from', 'via' (spatial & figurative), 'by
means of which', 'from the exterior of'
VST liv "leave"
pasliv leave on path
paslivinir moving from outside of
palivinir (short form)
paslivnir moving from inside of
8. allative: going towards, 'up to', 'up as far as', 'until', towards
the exterior of
VST pastor, going towards tor::-towards
pator (short form)
pasdej, going to the edge of
disdej, at the edge of
pastorpin, going towards the exterior of.
Case? dispin, on the skin/exterior of,
paspin, moving on the exterior of, (flywalk).
9. illative: going into
VST paspir (penetrating)
10. similirative: similarity
VST non spacial
11. sociative: coordinates arguments ('and'), comitative
VST non spacial
12. comitative: belonging together, 'with', accompaniment, coordinates
VST nonspacial nominal arguments: 'and' (usual animate referents)
13. elative: starting point of a movement, point in time after which
something takes place, startpoint of a comparison, 'out of',
'from the interior of'
VXT ja be::- "adjacent to the beginning of an event-vector"
paslivornen::- moving away from an interior origin outward.
Or::-space coordinates origin.
The computer palivornen the box works. ??
14. mediative: means or route by which an event takes place
15. ornative: endowed with, equipped with, outfitted with
16. intrative: 'between, in between'
VST disnet; located in between
pasnet::- moving between
Xa pa vesnet kori iwo.
She speeding up ran between them.
17. perlative: path (same as mediative?), through, along
VST paspir::- moving through
paspar::- moving alongside
18. superlative: to the top of
VST diskinkepo::- displaced coincident to the point of the
"ke" or "up" vector. dis+kin+ke+po.
USA women's soccer this pm.:)
pakinkepo::- moving to coincidence to the end of
the up vector. Moving to the top of ...
to the bottom of
dikininkepo::- displaced coincident to the point of
the -k, inke, downpointing, vector.
Interesting that these are the same sylable counts as
19. translative: through
VST pir again. moving past?
20. partitive: from, source
VST or::- with or from origin.