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Re: Another new project and trigger languages

From:Garth Wallace <gwalla@...>
Date:Wednesday, January 15, 2003, 12:04
Sally Caves wrote:
> ----- Original Message ----- > From: "Amanda Babcock" <langs@...> > >>On Sun, Jan 12, 2003 at 06:15:29PM -0800, Garth Wallace wrote: >> >> >>>For one of my languages, I'm using a generalization of this. Nouns are >>>marked with affixes that roughly correspond to their "rank" of >>>importance in the sentence (one of them is most important, although >>>beyond that they're pretty much interchangeable), which I'm calling >>>"ordinals". The verb is marked with the ordinals of its arguments, >>>inflected to show role (agent, patient, recipient, etc.). Since >>>adjectives are stative verbs, the possessive form of a noun actually >>>derives a stative verb, and adverbs are replaced with a "manner" >>>case-role, word order is incredibly free. Is this a workable system? >> >>This is beautiful! I'm jealous. I'm always casting about for original >>ways to represent things, and I think you've found that here. >> >>Amanda > > > I second that! This sounds terrific. Can you give a more detailed example, > Garth?
If you mean an example of the language in use, I'm afraid not. Right now the entire lexicon of Kulaqíl consists of one word: the name of the language. I haven't even decided on what the affixes should sound like (the phonology is still pretty much in flux). For playing around with the grammar, though, I use English words with dotted, numbered suffixes. For example: dog.1 man.2 hat.3 wear(rel-pres/prog).2agt.3pat bite(abs-past/perf).1agt.2pat "The dog bit the man who was wearing a hat." Plain numbers stand in for the ordinals. A number followed by a role ("agt" = agent, "pat" = patient, "ben" = beneficiary, etc.) stands in for a verb suffix associated with the same-numbered ordinal. The parentheses contain non-ordinal verb inflections such as tense and aspect ("rel-pres" = relative present, "abs-past" = absolute past, "prog" = progressive, "perf" = perfective, etc.).