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Re: A Survey

From:Estel Telcontar <estel_telcontar@...>
Date:Wednesday, October 1, 2003, 0:24
 --- Rob Haden wrote:
> I'm curious to see everyone's answers to the following questions: > > 1. Does your language(s) distinguish between active ("X breaks Y"), > middle > ("X breaks (apart)"), and passive ("X is broken (by Y)")?
Ikanirae Seru distinguishes active and passive. Not sure yet about middle.
> 2. If the answer to #1 was "yes," what method(s) does your > language(s) use > to make some/all of the above distinctions?
active: X kotisa Y a X break Y . "X breaks Y" Passive: the word "ho", which normally means "get, receive" is added before the verb, and the preposition "toma", meaning "from", is added to the agent if it is present. Y ho kotisa (toma X) a Y get break (from X) . "Y gets breaking (from X)/ Y is broken (by X)"
> 3. What method(s) does your language(s) use to distinguish between > basic nouns and verbs of the same root (i.e. "a hit" vs. "he hits")?
Very often, nothing. "seru" = say, speak, speech, language Estel ______________________________________________________________________ Post your free ad now!