Re: EXERCISE: Small grammar exercise
|From:||Christian Thalmann <cinga@...>|
|Date:||Sunday, June 30, 2002, 21:19|
--- In conlang@y..., Philip Newton <Philip.Newton@G...> wrote:
> a) [Tom] goes by Underground.
Q: Jor vaj u Dummawra.
A: Jor Tom u Dummawra.
The word |dummawra| /dMm"mawra/ is a contraction of |dwon| "underneath"
and |mawra| "ground".
> b) I show [Milly] [my new car].
Q: Ve kelseze i vaj.
A: Xim epoj ryme kelseze i Milli.
> c) She felt [very unhappy].
Q: Ve ne kriuq.
A: Pue tagalin ne kriuq.
Unlike English, Obrenje doesn't allow the verb "feel" to be used
intransitively. Instead, one uses the reflexive construction
"I feel myself well", as in German.
> d) Miriam likes [strawberry] icecream.
Q: Naq Miriam i venje lazyt.
A: Naq Miriam i lazyt malmitsi.
|Venje| is simply what you get when you adjectivize the general
interrogative pronoun |ve| "what? who?". Thus, it means "whatty?",
or clearer: "what kind of, what sort of...?".
The Obrenje word for strawberry is |malmitsi|, literally "tongueberry",
named for its visual similarity with a red tongue. The word |mitsi|
"berry" is itself a diminutive form of |mej| "fruit".
> e) [My] brother is [twenty years] old.
Q: Venje gilla kot vem culdin.
A: Dozhde a jav dembi kot xim culdin.
Twenty is 16 + 4 (dozhde a jav) in the octal counting system.
Obrenje asks "which age has ... ?" rather than "How old is ... ?".
> f) [The children] take the bus to Oxford Circus.
Q: Kjes vaj u tumpoje ki Okceforde cerkus.
A: Kjes sej zun u tumpoje ki Okceforde cerkus.
|Tumpoj| "bus" is a contraction of |tunke| "long" and |epoj| "car".
> g) [Last year] they spent their holidays [in Italy].
Q: Vize a vys mizaw i em dizhora.
A: Dzhanej dembi, mizaw i em dizhora ro Italja.
> h) He works very hard [because he wants to earn a lot of money].
Q: Vetre gwarda pue gonju.
A: Gwarda pue gonju tetre tse lormae kwoe i punce puqe.
That was a difficult one to translate. An Obrenaj would probably
simplify it to |Gwarda pue gonju bla lormae i punce puqe|, meaning
"He works very hard for the sake of earning a lot of money".
> i) She wanted to buy [a book].
Q: I ve rela kwow.
A: I nossa rela kwow.
-- Christian Thalmann