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Re: EXERCISE: Small grammar exercise

From:Christian Thalmann <cinga@...>
Date:Sunday, June 30, 2002, 21:19
--- In conlang@y..., Philip Newton <Philip.Newton@G...> wrote:

> a) [Tom] goes by Underground.
Q: Jor vaj u Dummawra. A: Jor Tom u Dummawra. The word |dummawra| /dMm"mawra/ is a contraction of |dwon| "underneath" and |mawra| "ground".
> b) I show [Milly] [my new car].
Q: Ve kelseze i vaj. A: Xim epoj ryme kelseze i Milli.
> c) She felt [very unhappy].
Q: Ve ne kriuq. A: Pue tagalin ne kriuq. Unlike English, Obrenje doesn't allow the verb "feel" to be used intransitively. Instead, one uses the reflexive construction "I feel myself well", as in German.
> d) Miriam likes [strawberry] icecream.
Q: Naq Miriam i venje lazyt. A: Naq Miriam i lazyt malmitsi. |Venje| is simply what you get when you adjectivize the general interrogative pronoun |ve| "what? who?". Thus, it means "whatty?", or clearer: "what kind of, what sort of...?". The Obrenje word for strawberry is |malmitsi|, literally "tongueberry", named for its visual similarity with a red tongue. The word |mitsi| "berry" is itself a diminutive form of |mej| "fruit".
> e) [My] brother is [twenty years] old.
Q: Venje gilla kot vem culdin. A: Dozhde a jav dembi kot xim culdin. Twenty is 16 + 4 (dozhde a jav) in the octal counting system. Obrenje asks "which age has ... ?" rather than "How old is ... ?".
> f) [The children] take the bus to Oxford Circus.
Q: Kjes vaj u tumpoje ki Okceforde cerkus. A: Kjes sej zun u tumpoje ki Okceforde cerkus. |Tumpoj| "bus" is a contraction of |tunke| "long" and |epoj| "car".
> g) [Last year] they spent their holidays [in Italy].
Q: Vize a vys mizaw i em dizhora. A: Dzhanej dembi, mizaw i em dizhora ro Italja.
> h) He works very hard [because he wants to earn a lot of money].
Q: Vetre gwarda pue gonju. A: Gwarda pue gonju tetre tse lormae kwoe i punce puqe. That was a difficult one to translate. An Obrenaj would probably simplify it to |Gwarda pue gonju bla lormae i punce puqe|, meaning "He works very hard for the sake of earning a lot of money".
> i) She wanted to buy [a book].
Q: I ve rela kwow. A: I nossa rela kwow. -- Christian Thalmann