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Re: EXERCISE: Small grammar exercise

From:Jeff Jones <jeffsjones@...>
Date:Monday, July 1, 2002, 8:50
On Sun, 30 Jun 2002 19:57:49 +0200, Philip Newton <Philip.Newton@...>

Thanks for the samples. In 'Yemls, Queries usually have the same syntax as
the corresponding statements (not necessarily the same as the English of
course), with the query pronoun (currently {tQ}) substituted. When used in
as a verb or preposition, a "voice" prefix may have to be added. E.g.

{Vlb: AtQ-f?} -- What was Philip doing?

Fronting {tQ} is possible, but can be avoided.

So I'm really looking at these for 2 *other* reasons:
1. to see what constructs I need to implement (like time expressions or
2. the equivalent of relative clauses
'Yemls doesn't have relative pronouns (or you could say it has a null
relative pronoun which only occurs in the subject position).

> Ask for the underlined words or expressions! > (Note: I replaced underlining with [brackets]. Also, some sentences > have more than one bracketed part, requiring therefore two or more > answers.) > > a) [Tom] goes by Underground.
Already the subject.
> b) I show [Milly] [my new car].
Objects: add voice prefix to verb (or remove in some cases) and rearrange arguments; only one relative in a given clause, unlike queries.
> c) She felt [very unhappy].
Adverb: I haven't figured this out yet. The query would be {d: (feel)-f EtQ}; {E} begins an oblique argument.
> d) Miriam likes [strawberry] icecream. > (Note: I can imagine this might call for a question of either "which > (of these available kinds) icecream" or "what kind of icecream (in > general)".)
Object of adjective of main object: haven't figured this out either; the query would be {(Miriam): (like)-m (icecream) (flavor_of) tQ.}
> f) [The children] take the bus to Oxford Circus. > (Note: this is also interesting: In English, the question has to use > the singular "Who takes"; I can imagine that in languages such as > Spanish or Greek, which have plural forms of the interrogative personal > pronoun "¿Quiénes?"(sp?) / "Poioí?" would form the question with a > plural verb if it's clear that the answer will be plural.)
Subject again; 'Yemls doesn't have number agreement, and number isn't usually marked. I'll have to take a closer look at the rest later. Jeff
>Cheers, >Philip >-- >Philip Newton <Philip.Newton@...>