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More ASCII IPA suggestions ...

From:Andreas Johansson <andjo@...>
Date:Friday, January 30, 2004, 15:30
No-one expressed any interest in my ideas for a better ASCII IPA system, but
seeing the attention Adrian's scheme is drawing, I thought I might just as
well add this to the mix anyway. So ...

This scheme is, as shall be obvious, based on X-SAMPA/CXS, with some bugfixes
(or fixes of things that bug me, at least) and one major change.

As in X-SAMPA, all lowercase Roman letter stays. The big change is that
anything that is represented in the IPA by a superscript is represented by ^
plus the sign in question; thus ^h for aspiration, ^j for palatalization and
so on. When the superscripted character isn't ASCIIically available, whatever
is used for the character in its independent IPA use is used instead; eg ^G
for velarization.

I'm sure this scheme perserves a variety of aspects of CXS others find
obnoxious. Tell me, and we can hopefully word out an improvement! The below
mostly reproduces the IPA, but I'm perfectly open to add more non-IPA
distinctions. Anyway, this what I have ATM:

MOA/POA      Bilab. Labiod. Dent. Alveo. Posta. Retro. Palat. Velar Uvular
Phar. Glot.

Stop         p  b                 t  d          t` d`  c  J\  k  g  q
G\        ?

Nasal           m      F             n             n`     J      N     N\

Trill           B\                   r             r`                  R\

Tap/Flap                             4             4`

Fricative    P  B   f  v    T  D  s  z   S  Z   s` z`  C  j\  x  G  X  R   X  ?
\ h  h\

Lat. Fric                         K  K\

Approximant            v\            r\            r\`    j      M\

Lat. Approx.                         l             l`     L      L\

Clicks       p!             T!    t!     S!

I don't know if any further back clicks are possible, but if you can do a
palatal click, [c!] suggests itself, etc.

I do not ATM have any better idea than X-SAMPA's _< and _> for implosives and
ejectives - I'm open for suggestions.

Other consonant symbols:

W    voiceless labial-velar fricative.
w    voiced labial-velar approximant.
H    voiced labial-palatal approximant.
H\   voiceless epiglottal fricative (someone tell me what this is!)
<\   voiced epiglottal fricative
>\ epiglottal plosive (I want to change these two too - suggestions?)
s\ voiceless alveopalatal fricative z\ voiced alveopalatal fricative s\! palatoalveolar click l\ alveolar lateral flap x\ simultaneous S and x 5 velarized alveolar lateral approximant Affricates and double articulations may optionally be inclosed in { } to disambiguate. Alternatively, affricate or double articulation may be assumed, and clusters separated by '-'. Note that normal parentesis and square brackets retain their IPA functions! Vowels: | i y i\ u\ M u | I Y I\ U\ U | e 2 @\ 8 7 o | @ | E 9 3 3\ V O | & 6 | a &\ A Q Superagementals: ' Primary stress , Secondary stress : Long ; Half-long ;\ Extra short . Syllable break | Minor (foot) group || Major (intonation) group For tone, I don't have any improvements on CXS to suggest ATM. However, if '<' and '>' are freed up, I'm thinking they could be used to enclose tonal info. Eg, [ma<TMH>] would be the syllable "ma" with an obnoxious extra high-mid-high contour tone on. Since ! and ^ have been hijacked, it would also allow us to use <!> and <^> for downstep and upstep. Diacritics: _0 voiceless (zero) _v voiced ^h aspirated _o more rounded (using lowercase lessens risk for confusion with _0) _c less rounded _+ advanced _- retracted ¨ centralized (did not seem to be any reason not get rid of the underline) * mid-centralized = syllabic = non-syllabic (can't think of any symbol that need distinct syllabic and non-syllabic diacritics!) ` rhoticity _¨ breathy voiced _~ creaky voiced (these two increase similarity to the IPA) _N linguolabial ^w labialized ^j palatalized ^G velarized ^?\ pharyngealized _e velarized or pharyngealized (no, I don't know why we need this) ^r raised ^o lowered (these written as if superscripts to free up _o for more rounded) _A advanced tongue root _q retracted tongue root _d dental _a apical _m laminal _s sublaminal ~ nasalized (notice that _~ is NOT a valid alternative for nasalization in this scheme!) _n nasal release _l lateral release _` no audible release (similarish to IPA diacritic, and I hate brackets used for non-brackety purposes) The ^X = superscript X convention may also be used for writing explicitly falling or raising diphthongs: [a^i], [^uo]. Or just use [aj], [wo], or [ai], [uo], depending on what makes sense in context. [{ai}] and [{uo}] also works. However, DON'T write [a_i] and [u_o], the former being undefined and the later being a more rounded [u]. Four options (or three, when no appropriate glide symbol is available) should be enough, not? Bring along the feedback - flak or praise, I'm ready! Andreas