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Re: Sound changes causing divergence of ordinals from cardinals

From:Alex Fink <a4pq1injbok_0@...>
Date:Thursday, January 5, 2006, 16:49
On Thu, 5 Jan 2006 01:59:16 +1100, Tristan McLeay
<conlang@...> wrote:

>Peter Bleackley wrote: >> This idea came up in the discussion of numerals. Below is a set of >> cardinal numbers, with the ordinals formed regularly from them by a >> suffix -ke. Let's take turns proposing sound changes (one at a time >> please) until the ordinals can no longer be regularly formed regularly >> from the cardinals, and indeed form a separate set of roots. Everything >> is in CXS. > > >(1) Labial harmony: After rounded elements, subsequent vowels become >rounded, unless there is a subsequent velar, which prevents it (cf. >English "what" vs "whack"). Thus: > >(I assume the "ao" is two separate vowels. If it's a diphthong, then >20th should remain "naronaoke", 30th "mikonaoke")
(2) Primary stress is penultimate (unless there's only one vowel). Vowels under the primary stress shift: non-high vowels rise (/a e 2 Q o/ > /e i y o u/), while high vowels break (/i y u/ > /j@ H@ w@/). Value Cardinal Ordinal 1 j@wQ iweke 2 nero naruke 3 mj@ko mikuke 4 tuko tokuke 5 kin kinke 6 jesu jasw@ke 7 Sj@gu Sigw@ke 8 dZuz2 dZozike 9 hj@ja hijeke 10 neo nauke 11 hero haruke 12 utsu otsw@ke 13 naomj@ko naomikuke 20 naronoo naronQuke 21 naronQH@wQ naronQyweke 22 naronQonoro naronQonQruke 30 mikonoo mikonQuke 31 naronQohoro naronQohQruke 32 naronQutsu naronQotsw@ke 33 mikonQomj@ko mikonQomikuke Alex


Nik Taylor <yonjuuni@...>