`Akupa, was: 5 phonemes
|From:||Vasiliy Chernov <bc_@...>|
|Date:||Saturday, July 22, 2000, 13:48|
No, I wasn't satisfied with Miituu. Danny was right saying that 'true'
geminates could be counted as phonemes. And the other complications
with syllabication can be suggestive of something like deep-level
So I designed `Akupa <maapllpa> (not Mwakupu, as I erroneously stated
earlier). Historically, this is the same tribal name as Miituu
<mekprrp>. The phonetic correspondences between the two dialects are
quite straightforward ;)
Akupa (mor)phonology is much simpler since it doesn't allow for
'deep' closed syllables. Otherwise it resembles Miituu very much.
Is it flawless this time?
C: p t m
V: a l=
Allowed syllable structures: (C)V
No restrictions on syllable combinations within a word.
2. Surface realizations
C: /p t k s m n l w `/
V: /a i u/
Syllable structure: (C)(w)V
No vowel clusters are allowed within a word.
Consonant clusters: /sw kw/
Forbidden combinations: /wu/, /`i/
No other restrictions on sound combinations.
3. Deep to surface
a) Vowel contraction and emerging glides
Vowel sequences are processed from right to left. The subordination of
rules is as follows:
l= (+V) /l/
otherwise al= /i/; otherwise l= /u/
otherwise aa /wa/; otherwise a /a/
b) Reforming the clusters with /l/ and /w/
mw /`/; mwi /`u/
(_mw_ first became /Nw/ - analogous to _pw_ /kw/, then was simplified
to /N/, weakened to /`/; the idea of _pl_ /k/ was inspired by
Starostin's reconstructions for North Caucasian, showing that lateral
affricates often become velars)