Group Conlang : all 10 cases needed for all-noun predicate
|From:||Mathias M. Lassailly <lassailly@...>|
|Date:||Monday, October 12, 1998, 11:03|
If we're having noun-rooted predicates I SUBMIT to your comments the TEN
FOLLOWING CASES which allow
1. to make verbs from all nouns (and reversely through integration of cases)
2. to forget about passive, reflexive and causative verbal voices :-)
SEE EXAMPLES IN THE END OF POST
It works for me : I use them everyday in my languages :
equative = to be of the category, the class of (man, plant, building, etc.)
to possess, to be loosely related to (a car, a pen, a garden, etc.)
= to have as one's own absolute feature (red color, shape, mood, head, eyes,
home, brother, country)
applicative = to apply (a hammer, a nail, weapon) on someone else
agentive = to be used, to behave, to work as (a hammer, a chair, a result, a house)
= to undergo, to suffer, to take the brunt of (a blow, a blade, a club), to be
directed (a talk, a reproach)
benefactive = to use, to process as (a chair, a bed, food, one's eyes, a house) to the
benefit of oneself,
also : = to perceive, to sense, to feel (sound, image, taste, love, fear)
topic = to be the intangible subject of (a speech, a look, a discussion, etc)
= to make/bear (a move, a thought, a song), to grow (fruit, leaves), to bear
(result, a child), to inspire (awe, love, fear, joy) from one's own features
(not through an agent).
= to have someone else do something
= to make something done through someone else
CAUS-si ATT-fraro di-wire
'I make my dog red'
CAUS-si EQU-'bird' di-frare
'I turn a bird into a dog'
CAUS-si FAC-fraro PAT-bird di-kjake
'I have my dog bite the bird'
CAUS-si BEN-fraro AGE-chairo di-sit-e
'I have my dog sit on the chair'
Try it in any way, upside-down, etc. : you get a case for any noun in the phrase :-)
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