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Pro-verbs (was: new parts of speech/cases)

From:Steg Belsky <draqonfayir@...>
Date:Wednesday, May 1, 2002, 3:20
On Tue, 30 Apr 2002 21:12:42 -0500 Danny Wier <dawier@...>
> So y'all's conlangs... what do you have that might relate? > ~Danny~
- Well, in Rokbeigalmki i use independent subject-tense complexes. Rokbeigalmki conjugates verbs (for those who haven't been here long and therefore haven't seen me mention this a million times already :-P ) by attaching a 'subject-tense complex' to the front of the verb/noun root. Subject-tense complexes are formed from a pronoun and a vowel/diphthong that carries the time meaning of the verb: |az| "i" + |ii| (future) = |azii-| "i will..." |imz| "they (f.) + |u| (past) + |oi| (present-routine) = |imzuzoi-| "they (f.) used to..." The second example is a compound complex, with two tenses. Other examples of compound tenses besides the "past-routine" include the "immediate-immediate" |a|+|a|, the "counterfactual 'would-have-been'" |ii|+|u|, and the "routine-immediate" |oi|+|a|. The basic tenses are: |u| /u/ = past |oi| /Oj/ = present-routine |a| /a/ = present-immediate |ii| /aj/ = future and |e| /E/ = imperative, which isn't 'really' a tense but acts like one So, some random verb conjugations could include: |azii-farit| /azaj Parit/ = "i will jump" |uzuzoi-daplek-ad| /uzuzOj daplEk?ad/ = "it used to be (routinely) dropped" |emze-kihsht| /EmzE ki-St/ = "(you-all) leave!" |omzaza-elyeb| /omzaza EljEb/ = "they (m.) are coming (right this instant)" And when you drop the verb, using just the subject-tense complex, accented on its last syllable, you get the Rokbeigalmki pro-verbesque construction, as in the exchange: |pawa eza-netz?| /pa?wa Eza nEts)/ = "where are you situated?" |ta'waju-a aza.| /ta?wadZ)u?a aza:/ = "i'm in the house." or... |ha'yagh-a ozii-elyeb?| /ha?jaG?a ozaj EljEb/ = "will the fisherman come?" |oziiza.| /ozajza:/ = "he's about to." These pro-verbesque verbless subject-tense complex constructions can mean, besides "whatever verb was used before", |tezat| "be", |tzat| "exist", |mwe| "go", |(da)waz| "go/make", and |netz| "be located at". These verbless subject-tense complexes always have to come at the end of the sentence, or at least before a pause. And they're supposed to be marked with accent-marks on their final vowel. -Stephen (Steg) "bre'dauvídh, ktish-a tze-a, ozii-elyeb; ozíí - i ozii-dagair amsh..."


Shreyas Sampat <shreyas@...>